Slide #1.

The Road to the Civil War          The US-Mexico War, 1846-8 Gold Rush, Migration and Expansion Compromise of 1850 Uncle Tom’s Cabin, 1852 Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854 Bleeding Kansas, 1854-6 Dredd Scott Decision, 1857 John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry 1860 Presidential Election
More slides like this


Slide #2.

The Road to the Civil War       Manifest Destiny and War expanded the US to the Pacific Ocean Westward Expansion of Slavery after US-Mexico War Debates over slavery in the West ripped the country apart Ideologies of state’s rights Polarized the North & South No common ground in political parties
More slides like this


Slide #3.

The Election of 1860         “Slavery on trial” Nationalism Meaning of America? States-Federal Gov.? John Brown Distrust Democrats crumbled Lincoln (R) won
More slides like this


Slide #4.

The South Seceded, 1861      South Carolina first Propaganda MISS, FL, AL, GA, LA, TX Confederate States of America President Jefferson Davis
More slides like this


Slide #5.

Ft. Sumter, March-April       South Carolina Troops trapped Stand-off Confederates fired Major Anderson surrendered War began
More slides like this


Slide #6.

The Civil War, 1861-1865
More slides like this




Slide #8.

North vs. South (strengths)       North Industry Finances Population Railroads Federal government       South Home field Skilled leaders Agriculture Defensive war Supplies
More slides like this


Slide #9.

North vs. South (weaknesses)      North Arrogance Leadership Distance Supplies       South Slave population Industry Railroads Finances Government
More slides like this


Slide #10.

The Nature of War        Long & bloody Militias Total War Divided families Women & blacks Benefited North Fought in South
More slides like this


Slide #11.

Preparing for War
More slides like this


Slide #12.

Battlefield Amputation
More slides like this


Slide #13.

Tent life, 1861 D.C.
More slides like this


Slide #14.

Southern Strategy Outlast North Disperse troops Righteousness Cotton & Europe
More slides like this


Slide #15.

Northern Strategy Missouri River Naval blockade Divide/Isolate Industry Force & population Land and sea General Grant
More slides like this


Slide #16.

Turning Points, 1861-63 Bull Run, VA: war would be harder… Shiloh, TN: both sides reassess tactics Antietam, MD: worst day of fighting. North Blocked Southern Invasion
More slides like this


Slide #17.

Emancipation Proclamation
More slides like this


Slide #18.

Free African Americans
More slides like this


Slide #19.

African American Troops -Over 200,000 served -Lewis Douglass -54th Mass. Regiment -80% from south -Inequalities
More slides like this


Slide #20.

Union Gains, June 1863…  Drafted 2 million men Gettysburg, PA 1863 (51,000 dead & War turned against South) Vicksburg, MS 1863 (North gained River) Navy U.S. Grant, 1864  Atlanta      
More slides like this


Slide #21.

Sherman’s March to the Sea  1864 100,000 people 280 x 50 miles Atlanta to Coast Charlestown Chased Lee to VA  Richmond      
More slides like this




Slide #23.

Weaknesses in the South, 1864        Desertions and mutinies West Virginia broke away Anti-War protests Food Riots Questioning of slavery Women protesting War Financial ruin, debt, political conflict
More slides like this


Slide #24.

Civil War in the West       Civil War in New Mexico and Texas New Mexico was Union territory Texas Confederates invaded NM Texas was Confederate, but with Union supporters Border Wars French invaded Mexico, 1863 and expelled by Benito Juarez
More slides like this


Slide #25.

Thirteenth Amendment    Lincoln reelected in 1864 Amendment was ratified to the constitution in 1865, before the end of the Civil War Abolished slavery everywhere in the United States
More slides like this


Slide #26.

End of the War      April 1865 Virginia Appomattox Courthouse Lee and Grant End of War Lincoln shot by John Wilkes Booth, 1865
More slides like this


Slide #27.

Significance of War        Over 600,000 dead 25% southern men Southern economy Crops, roads, homes Strengthened Union Ended slavery “Fulfilled Declaration”
More slides like this


Slide #28.

Changes in America: The 1860s       Four million freed blacks Re-united Americans Heal wounds of War Labor conflict, New York draft riots, anti-black violence Irish immigration Women in war industries
More slides like this


Slide #29.

Land and Prosperity  Homestead Act, 1862 Federal government gave land to people in Western Territories  Payment for soldiers  Railroads and speculators   Land Grant College Act Each state will have land for university  Sale of public lands will fund it  Educated America 
More slides like this


Slide #30.

Civil War: A Disaster for Indians        California Indian Laws New policies: concentration onto reservations Military wars waged against tribes Southern tribes trapped Expansion of railroads & population Treaties declined after Civil War Full U.S. Army used after Civil War
More slides like this


Slide #31.

Reconstruction, 1865-1877       National effort to re-unite, or reconstruct the north and south, and entire nation Rebuild Southern economy Question of punishment for secession Loyalty oaths? Serve in office? Protect Black freedoms? Who will do the labor
More slides like this


Slide #32.

Southern Resistance, Northern Reaction        Southern politicians resisted Pres Johnson was lenient Pres Grant & “Radical Reconstruction” Military districts Loyalty oaths, debts, penalties Freedmen’s Bureau 14th Amendment   Citizenship and equal protection 15th Amendment  Voting rights
More slides like this


Slide #33.

Compromise of 1877       Republicans traded black equality to break a tie in the 1876 presidential election Pulled troops out of south Race relations returned to pre-1865 dynamics, excluding slave status Focused on The West Industrialization Foreign imperial expansion
More slides like this


Slide #34.

Conclusions        Lincoln did not support social equality Resolution of sectionalism Power of federal gov’t Reconstruction, 1865-1877 Economic and industrial integration 14th Amendment: Citizenship & Due Process 15th Amendment: voting rights
More slides like this


Slide #35.

Why History is Important         Understand power in America See struggles of oppressed people People make history, not fate Multiple perspectives and views Evidence and arguments Myths and heroism Nationalism and patriotism History is who we are
More slides like this