Need Need Theories Theories • Need A deficit within an individual. A requirement for survival and well-being. • Need Theory Basis premise people are motivated to obtain outcomes at work to satisfy their needs.
The Two-Factor Theory of Work Motivation Satisfiers or Motivators Achievement Recognition Work itself Responsibility Advancement Growth Presence - Positive effect on motivation Absence - No negative effect on motivation Dissatisfiers Company policy Supervision Relationships with supervisor, peers, and subordinates Work conditions Salary Job Security Presence - No positive effect on motivation Absence - Negative effect on motivation
The Basics of Goal Theory Goals That Are: Specific Difficult but realistic Accepted by the person Values Values Used to evaluate performance Linked to feedback and rewards Set by individuals or groups Improved Improved Performance Performance
Expectancy Expectancy Theory Theory • People will be motivated if they expect…. Effort Performance (Expectancy) Performance Reward (Instrumentality) AND………. If they value the reward or outcome & they think it’s worth working for (Valence)