Slide #1.

Introduction to Arguments Scott Hale University of Oklahoma English 1213, section .005
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Slide #2.

What an Argument is Not:  It is not a fight--it is not hostile.  It is not a Pro/Con Debate--it’s not necessarily limited to only two positions.
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Slide #3.

What an Argument IS:  An argument consists of: two or more conflicting assertions (claims), and an attempt to resolve this conflict through reasoning.  Explicit--Editorial, Speech, Advertisement, etc… Implicit--Novel, Poem, Movie, etc... 
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Slide #4.

Defining Features of an Argument:    Arguments require justification for claims. Example: Today is beautiful because it is sunny. But when we provide a reason for a claim, we create an assumption...
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Slide #5.

Unstated Assumptions:    All arguments depend upon an assumption, one that is usually unstated... When we say, “Today is beautiful because it is sunny,” what is the assumption? As the reasons for a claim change, so too will the assumption…
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Slide #6.

Other Features of Arguments?
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Slide #7.

Arguments are both Process and Product :    Process: A conversation in which parties seek out the best possible solution. Product: A person’s contribution to a conversation about the best possible solution. Dr. Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream.” Process or Product?
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Slide #8.

Arguments Combine the Search for Truth and Persuasion:  Arguments operate along a spectrum/continuum of – Truth<--------------------->Persuasion   Questions of subject matter/truth (What is the best solution?) Questions of audience/persuasion (What will most persuade people?)
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Slide #9.

So, what’s most important...?  Winning the Argument?  Discovering Truth?
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Slide #10.

Socrates and Callicles...  Socrates--sought the Truth.  Callicles--refused any assumptions. – Might makes Right, and a Truth that never wins…?  But if assumptions can’t be made, what happens to Truth?
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Slide #11.

Arguments and Truth: Strange Bedfellows…    Is Truth universal, like for Socrates, or is it conditional, like for Callicles? Regardless, realize the role that Arguments play either in discovering or creating Truth…. or in questioning, challenging and conquering Truth...
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Slide #12.

    Plato’s Allegory of the Cave… Slaves Chained, Shackled, Blinders Fire Shadows
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Slide #13.

Plato’s Cave
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Slide #14.

Epistemology    Objective--The object projects meaning onto the subject Subjective--The subject projects meaning onto the object Transactional--The intersection and combination of the Objective and the Subjective
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Slide #15.

This Class...     The creation of a new Transactive Epistemology Texts project meaning onto you You project meaning onto texts Your individual Transactive epistemologies then combine into a collective Transactive epistemology…
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Slide #16.

Now the top 10 reasons to join the BORG…  Bad joke...
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