Slide #1.

Group Group Dynamics Dynamics • Group Dynamics The characteristics and processes that affect how a group or team functions. • Elements of group dynamics: group size tasks roles leadership group development group norms group cohesiveness © Copyright McGraw-Hill. All rights reserved. 14–1
More slides like this


Slide #2.

Group Group Dynamics Dynamics SIZE SIZE Group size affects how a group performs. • Why? • What are the advantages of small groups? • What are the advantages of large groups? © Copyright McGraw-Hill. All rights reserved. 14–2
More slides like this


Slide #3.

Group Group Dynamics Dynamics,, continued continued TASKS TASKS Group tasks impact how a group interacts. • Why? • What is task interdependence? – pooled – sequential – reciprocal © Copyright McGraw-Hill. All rights reserved. 14–3
More slides like this


Slide #4.

Types Types of of Task Task Interdependenc Interdependenc ee © Copyright McGraw-Hill. All rights reserved. Figure 14.3 14–4
More slides like this


Slide #5.

Group Group Dynamics Dynamics,, continued continued ROLES ROLES Role: Tasks that a member of a group is expected to perform Creating roles: management created vs. created in a self-managed team Have you ever worked in a group where roles were not clearly defined? .. What happened? Roles will change and evolve. © Copyright McGraw-Hill. All rights reserved. 14–5
More slides like this


Slide #6.

Group Group Dynamics Dynamics,, continued continued LEADERSHIP LEADERSHIP • Formal Leaders vs. Informal Leaders • Group Managers vs. Group Leaders © Copyright McGraw-Hill. All rights reserved. 14–6
More slides like this


Slide #7.

Group Group Dynamics Dynamics,, continued continued LEADERSHIP LEADERSHIP,, continued continued • Challenges of group leaders:  clearly communicate expectations  motivate group members  encourage initiative  allow the roles of the members to change/evolve  reduce “social loafing”  help groups manage conflict effectively  others? © Copyright McGraw-Hill. All rights reserved. 14–7
More slides like this


Slide #8.

Three Three Ways Ways to to Reduce Reduce Social Social Loafing Loafing © Copyright McGraw-Hill. All rights reserved. Figure 14.7 14–8
More slides like this


Slide #9.

Group Group Dynamics Dynamics,, continued continued GROUP GROUP DEVELOPMENT DEVELOPMENT © Copyright McGraw-Hill. All rights reserved. Figure 14.4 14–9
More slides like this


Slide #10.

Group Group Dynamics Dynamics,, continued continued GROUP GROUP NORMS NORMS • Group Norms  Shared guidelines or rules for behavior  Examples? • Conformity vs. Deviance Deviance is a failure to conform to group norms © Copyright McGraw-Hill. All rights reserved. 14–10
More slides like this


Slide #11.

Balancing Balancing Conformit Conformit yyand and Deviance Deviance in inGroups Groups Figure 14.5 © Copyright McGraw-Hill. All rights reserved. 14–11
More slides like this


Slide #12.

Group Group Dynamics Dynamics,, continued continued GROUP GROUP NORMS NORMS,, continued continued Why do group members conform to norms?  obtain rewards / avoid punishments  imitate group members who they respect believe the norm is the proper way others? How does a manager encourage an appropriate balance between conformity and deviance? © Copyright McGraw-Hill. All rights reserved. 14–12
More slides like this


Slide #13.

Group Group Dynamics Dynamics GROUP GROUP COHESIVENESS COHESIVENESS • The degree to which members are loyal to the group • What is the value in group cohesiveness? • What contributes to group cohesiveness? © Copyright McGraw-Hill. All rights reserved. 14–13
More slides like this


Slide #14.

Sources Sources and and Consequences Consequences of of Group Group Cohesiveness Cohesiveness © Copyright McGraw-Hill. All rights reserved. Figure 14.6 14–14
More slides like this


Slide #15.

Group Group Dynamics Dynamics Summary Summary Elements of group dynamics: Size Tasks Roles Leadership Group development Norms Cohesiveness © Copyright McGraw-Hill. All rights reserved. 14–15
More slides like this