Ecological Psychology Overall goal – understand perceiving the environment Step 1 – Re-evaluate what can count as a stimulus. Step 2 – Question the concept of “stimulus” itself Back to William James --- Change itself can be a unit Step 3 – Ask: What is there to be perceived? Compare to Koffka –”Why do things look as they do?”
Remember Gregory and Beau Lotto? They are not identical, but they are similar in emphasizing that direct experience is not of the world --- leaving perception of the world a big mystery. Tendency has been to build theories around experimental situations and assume results will apply to real world situations. Ecological approach – The “real world” is different from the “non-real.”
Ecological Realism There are limits to ambiguity, how we can be fooled. Real things look different from non-real things and those differences can be discovered, within the capabilities of the exploring animal and the opportunities for exploration. Scrutiny of persisting things.