Slide #1.

ESSENTIAL CONCEPTS OF METABOLISM CHAPTER 5 1
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Slide #2.

Metabolism   Anabolism Catabolism 2
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Slide #3.

Energy Capture  Oxidation  Reduction  Redox + NAD + e -------> NADH Oxidized form Reduced form 3
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Slide #4.

Metabolic Lifestyles — Autotrophy  Photoautotroph  Chemoautotroph 4
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Slide #5.

Metabolic Lifestyles — Heterotrophy  Photoheterotroph  Chemoheterotroph 5
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Slide #6.

Metabolic Lifestyles Summary 6
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Slide #7.

Enzymes  Role  Structure 7
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Slide #8.

Enzyme Sites  Active Site 8
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Slide #9.

Enzyme Inhibition  Competitive 9
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Slide #10.

Enzyme Inhibition  Non-competitive 10
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Slide #11.

Allosteric Site 11
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Slide #12.

Reaction Rate Influences  Temperature 12
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Slide #13.

Reaction Rate Influences  pH 13
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Slide #14.

Enzyme Reaction Rates  Enzyme concentration  Reactant concentration  Product concentration 14
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Slide #15.

LeChatlier’s Principle and the BioChemical Pathway A+B C+D Want to go forward? Increase concentration of A + B or Decrease concentration of C + D 15
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Slide #16.

Anaerobic metabolism  Glycolysis 16
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Slide #17.

Anaerobic Pathways  Alternatives  Fermentation 17
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Slide #18.

Emden-Meyerhoff Standard glycolysis 18
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Slide #19.

Entner-Douderoff pathway 19
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Slide #20.

Aerobic Metabolism  Krebs Cycle (aka. TCA cycle, citric acid cycle) 20
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Slide #21.

Krebs cycle 21
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Slide #22.

Electron Transport Chain 22
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Slide #23.

Electron Transport Chain 23
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Slide #24.

Chemiosmosis 24
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Slide #25.

Anaerobic Respiration  Final electron acceptor differences 25
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Slide #26.

Fat Catabolism  Glycerol  Fatty Acids 26
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Slide #27.

Protein Catabolism  Deamination  Carbon skeleton usage 27
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Slide #28.

Protein anabolism (amino acid synthesis) Precursors off of Krebs cycle 28
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Slide #29.

Photosynthesis 29
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Slide #30.

Photosynthesis 30
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Slide #31.

Photosynthesis 31
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Slide #32.

Other Metabolic Processes    Photoheterotrophy Light as energy Chemoautotrophy HNO2 as energy (Rhodopseudomonas) carbohydrates as carbon source (Nitrobacter) CO2 as carbon source 32
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Slide #33.

Uses Of Energy  Biosynthesis  Membrane Transport  Movement Active transport/antiport ATP to drive flagella or cilia 33
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Slide #34.

Bioluminescence  Microbial Source 34
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