Counter (CTR)  a “new” mode, though proposed early on  similar to OFB but encrypts counter value rather than any feedback value  must have a different counter value for every plaintext block (never reused) Ci = Pi XOR Oi Oi = DESK1(i)  uses: high-speed network encryptions
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KBTU/Sq. Ft. by Building - 2007 Building Use Monticello 4,318,132.571 KBTU Belle Plaine Ctr 399,285.478 KBTU Belle Plaine Ctr II 114,826.339 KBTU Tipton CEO 1,034,935.035 KBTU Marion Ctr 1,124,151.272 KBTU Cedar Rapids Campus 91,471,662.321 KBTU IC Learning Ctr 497,630.236 KBTU IC Annex 712,191.274 KBTU KTOS Ctr 2,785,309.409 KBTU Williamsburg Ctr 533,351.035 KBTU Lincoln Ctr 2,018,567.669 KBTU IC Credit Ctr 4,827,044.568 KBTU Tipton Ctr 237,524.429 KBTU Vinton Ctr 481,708.931 KBTU Washington Ctr S 259,721.435 KBTU Washington Ctr N 97,323.886 KBTU Use/ft2 126.468 110.913 95.689 95.474 95.388 90.652 82.938 80.784 79.016 76.631 65.891 64.447 61.471 48.171 40.543 17.695
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ESS 200C Space Plasma Physics ESS 154 Solar Terrestrial Physics M/W/F 10:00 – 11:15 AM Geology 4677 Instructors: C.T. Russell (Tel. x-53188; Office: Slichter 6869) R.J. Strangeway (Tel. x-66247; Office: Slichter 6869) •   • • Date 1/4 1/6 1/8 1/11 • • • • • • • • • • 1/13 1/15 1/20 1/22 1/25 1/27 1/29 2/1 2/3 2/5 • • • • • • • 2/8 2/10 2/12 2/17 2/19 2/26 2/29 Day Topic Instructor M A Brief History of Solar Terrestrial Physics CTR W Upper Atmosphere / Ionosphere CTR F The Sun: Core to Chromosphere CTR M The Corona, Solar Cycle, Solar Activity Coronal Mass Ejections, and Flares CTR PS1 W The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 1 CTR F The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 2 CTR W Physics of Plasmas RJS F MHD including Waves RJS M Solar Wind Interactions: Magnetized Planets YM W Solar Wind Interactions: Unmagnetized Planets YM F Collisionless Shocks CTR M Mid-Term W Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling I CTR F Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling II; The Inner Magnetosphere I CTR M The Inner Magnetosphere II CTR W Planetary Magnetospheres CTR F The Auroral Ionosphere RJS W Waves in Plasmas 1 RJS F Waves in Plasmas 2 RJS F Review CTR/RJS M Final Due PS2 PS3 PS4 PS5 PS6 PS7
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ESS 200C Space Plasma Physics ESS 154 Solar Terrestrial Physics M/W/F 10:00 – 11:15 AM Geology 4677 Instructors: C.T. Russell (Tel. x-53188; Office: Slichter 6869) R.J. Strangeway (Tel. x-66247; Office: Slichter 6869) •     Date 1/4 1/6 1/8 1/11           1/13 1/15 1/20 1/22 1/25 1/27 1/29 2/1 2/3 2/5   • • • • • 2/8 2/10 2/12 2/17 2/19 2/26 2/29 Day Topic Instructor M A Brief History of Solar Terrestrial Physics CTR W Upper Atmosphere / Ionosphere CTR F The Sun: Core to Chromosphere CTR M The Corona, Solar Cycle, Solar Activity Coronal Mass Ejections, and Flares CTR PS1 W The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 1 CTR F The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 2 CTR W Physics of Plasmas RJS F MHD including Waves RJS M Solar Wind Interactions: Magnetized Planets YM W Solar Wind Interactions: Unmagnetized Planets YM F Collisionless Shocks CTR M Mid-Term W Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling I CTR F Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling II; The Inner Magnetosphere I CTR M The Inner Magnetosphere II CTR W Planetary Magnetospheres CTR F The Auroral Ionosphere RJS W Waves in Plasmas 1 RJS F Waves in Plasmas 2 RJS F Review CTR/RJS M Final Due PS2 PS3 PS4 PS5 PS6 PS7
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ESS 200C Space Plasma Physics ESS 154 Solar Terrestrial Physics M/W/F 10:00 – 11:15 AM Geology 4677 Instructors: C.T. Russell (Tel. x-53188; Office: Slichter 6869) R.J. Strangeway (Tel. x-66247; Office: Slichter 6869) •     Date 1/4 1/6 1/8 1/11           1/13 1/15 1/20 1/22 1/25 1/27 1/29 2/1 2/3 2/5    • • • • 2/8 2/10 2/12 2/17 2/19 2/26 2/29 Day Topic Instructor M A Brief History of Solar Terrestrial Physics CTR W Upper Atmosphere / Ionosphere CTR F The Sun: Core to Chromosphere CTR M The Corona, Solar Cycle, Solar Activity Coronal Mass Ejections, and Flares CTR PS1 W The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 1 CTR F The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 2 CTR W Physics of Plasmas RJS F MHD including Waves RJS M Solar Wind Interactions: Magnetized Planets YM W Solar Wind Interactions: Unmagnetized Planets YM F Collisionless Shocks CTR M Mid-Term W Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling I CTR F Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling II; The Inner Magnetosphere I CTR M The Inner Magnetosphere II CTR W Planetary Magnetospheres CTR F The Auroral Ionosphere RJS W Waves in Plasmas 1 RJS F Waves in Plasmas 2 RJS F Review CTR/RJS M Final Due PS2 PS3 PS4 PS5 PS6 PS7
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ESS 200C Space Plasma Physics ESS 154 Solar Terrestrial Physics M/W/F 10:00 – 11:15 AM Geology 4677 Instructors: C.T. Russell (Tel. x-53188; Office: Slichter 6869) R.J. Strangeway (Tel. x-66247; Office: Slichter 6869) •     Date 1/4 1/6 1/8 1/11           1/13 1/15 1/20 1/22 1/25 1/27 1/29 2/1 2/3 2/5  • • • • • • 2/8 2/10 2/12 2/17 2/19 2/26 2/29 Day Topic Instructor M A Brief History of Solar Terrestrial Physics CTR W Upper Atmosphere / Ionosphere CTR F The Sun: Core to Chromosphere CTR M The Corona, Solar Cycle, Solar Activity Coronal Mass Ejections, and Flares CTR PS1 W The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 1 CTR F The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 2 CTR W Physics of Plasmas RJS F MHD including Waves RJS M Solar Wind Interactions: Magnetized Planets YM W Solar Wind Interactions: Unmagnetized Planets YM F Collisionless Shocks CTR M Mid-Term W Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling I CTR F Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling II; The Inner Magnetosphere I CTR M The Inner Magnetosphere II CTR W Planetary Magnetospheres CTR F The Auroral Ionosphere RJS W Waves in Plasmas 1 RJS F Waves in Plasmas 2 RJS F Review CTR/RJS M Final Due PS2 PS3 PS4 PS5 PS6 PS7 2
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ESS 200C Space Plasma Physics ESS 154 Solar Terrestrial Physics M/W/F 10:00 – 11:15 AM Geology 4677 Instructors: C.T. Russell (Tel. x-53188; Office: Slichter 6869) R.J. Strangeway (Tel. x-66247; Office: Slichter 6869) •     Date 1/4 1/6 1/8 1/11          • • • • • • • • • 1/13 1/15 1/20 1/22 1/25 1/27 1/29 2/1 2/3 2/5 2/8 2/10 2/12 2/17 2/19 2/26 2/29 Day Topic Instructor M A Brief History of Solar Terrestrial Physics CTR W Upper Atmosphere / Ionosphere CTR F The Sun: Core to Chromosphere CTR M The Corona, Solar Cycle, Solar Activity Coronal Mass Ejections, and Flares CTR PS1 W The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 1 CTR F The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 2 CTR W Physics of Plasmas RJS F MHD including Waves RJS M Solar Wind Interactions: Magnetized Planets YM W Solar Wind Interactions: Unmagnetized Planets YM F Collisionless Shocks CTR M Mid-Term W Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling I CTR F Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling II; The Inner Magnetosphere I CTR M The Inner Magnetosphere II CTR W Planetary Magnetospheres CTR F The Auroral Ionosphere RJS W Waves in Plasmas 1 RJS F Waves in Plasmas 2 RJS F Review CTR/RJS M Final Due PS2 PS3 PS4 PS5 PS6 PS7
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ESS 200C Space Plasma Physics ESS 154 Solar Terrestrial Physics M/W/F 10:00 – 11:15 AM Geology 4677 Instructors: C.T. Russell (Tel. x-53188; Office: Slichter 6869) R.J. Strangeway (Tel. x-66247; Office: Slichter 6869) •     Date 1/4 1/6 1/8 1/11           1/13 1/15 1/20 1/22 1/25 1/27 1/29 2/1 2/3 2/5 • • • • • • • 2/8 2/10 2/12 2/17 2/19 2/26 2/29 Day Topic Instructor M A Brief History of Solar Terrestrial Physics CTR W Upper Atmosphere / Ionosphere CTR F The Sun: Core to Chromosphere CTR M The Corona, Solar Cycle, Solar Activity Coronal Mass Ejections, and Flares CTR PS1 W The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 1 CTR F The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 2 CTR W Physics of Plasmas RJS F MHD including Waves RJS M Solar Wind Interactions: Magnetized Planets YM W Solar Wind Interactions: Unmagnetized Planets YM F Collisionless Shocks CTR M Mid-Term W Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling I CTR F Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling II; The Inner Magnetosphere I CTR M The Inner Magnetosphere II CTR W Planetary Magnetospheres CTR F The Auroral Ionosphere RJS W Waves in Plasmas 1 RJS F Waves in Plasmas 2 RJS F Review CTR/RJS M Final Due PS2 PS3 PS4 PS5 PS6 PS7
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ESS 200C Space Plasma Physics ESS 154 Solar Terrestrial Physics M/W/F 10:00 – 11:15 AM Geology 4677 Instructors: C.T. Russell (Tel. x-53188; Office: Slichter 6869) R.J. Strangeway (Tel. x-66247; Office: Slichter 6869) •     Date 1/4 1/6 1/8 1/11     • • • • • • 1/13 1/15 1/20 1/22 1/25 1/27 1/29 2/1 2/3 2/5 • • • • • • • 2/8 2/10 2/12 2/17 2/19 2/26 2/29 Day Topic Instructor M A Brief History of Solar Terrestrial Physics CTR W Upper Atmosphere / Ionosphere CTR F The Sun: Core to Chromosphere CTR M The Corona, Solar Cycle, Solar Activity Coronal Mass Ejections, and Flares CTR PS1 W The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 1 CTR F The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 2 CTR W Physics of Plasmas RJS F MHD including Waves RJS M Solar Wind Interactions: Magnetized Planets YM W Solar Wind Interactions: Unmagnetized Planets YM F Collisionless Shocks CTR M Mid-Term W Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling I CTR F Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling II; The Inner Magnetosphere I CTR M The Inner Magnetosphere II CTR W Planetary Magnetospheres CTR F The Auroral Ionosphere RJS W Waves in Plasmas 1 RJS F Waves in Plasmas 2 RJS F Review CTR/RJS M Final Due PS2 PS3 PS4 PS5 PS6 PS7
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ESS 200C Space Plasma Physics ESS 154 Solar Terrestrial Physics M/W/F 10:00 – 11:15 AM Geology 4677 Instructors: C.T. Russell (Tel. x-53188; Office: Slichter 6869) R.J. Strangeway (Tel. x-66247; Office: Slichter 6869) •     Date 1/4 1/6 1/8 1/11           1/13 1/15 1/20 1/22 1/25 1/27 1/29 2/1 2/3 2/5     • • • 2/8 2/10 2/12 2/17 2/19 2/26 2/29 Day Topic Instructor M A Brief History of Solar Terrestrial Physics CTR W Upper Atmosphere / Ionosphere CTR F The Sun: Core to Chromosphere CTR M The Corona, Solar Cycle, Solar Activity Coronal Mass Ejections, and Flares CTR PS1 W The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 1 CTR F The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 2 CTR W Physics of Plasmas RJS F MHD including Waves RJS M Solar Wind Interactions: Magnetized Planets YM W Solar Wind Interactions: Unmagnetized Planets YM F Collisionless Shocks CTR M Mid-Term W Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling I CTR F Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling II; The Inner Magnetosphere I CTR M The Inner Magnetosphere II CTR W Planetary Magnetospheres CTR F The Auroral Ionosphere RJS W Waves in Plasmas 1 RJS F Waves in Plasmas 2 RJS F Review CTR/RJS M Final Due PS2 PS3 PS4 PS5 PS6 PS7
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ESS 200C Space Plasma Physics ESS 154 Solar Terrestrial Physics M/W/F 10:00 – 11:15 AM Geology 4677 Instructors: C.T. Russell (Tel. x-53188; Office: Slichter 6869) R.J. Strangeway (Tel. x-66247; Office: Slichter 6869) •     Date 1/4 1/6 1/8 1/11        • • • 1/13 1/15 1/20 1/22 1/25 1/27 1/29 2/1 2/3 2/5 • • • • • • • 2/8 2/10 2/12 2/17 2/19 2/26 2/29 Day Topic Instructor M A Brief History of Solar Terrestrial Physics CTR W Upper Atmosphere / Ionosphere CTR F The Sun: Core to Chromosphere CTR M The Corona, Solar Cycle, Solar Activity Coronal Mass Ejections, and Flares CTR PS1 W The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 1 CTR F The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 2 CTR W Physics of Plasmas RJS F MHD including Waves RJS M Solar Wind Interactions: Magnetized Planets YM W Solar Wind Interactions: Unmagnetized Planets YM F Collisionless Shocks CTR M Mid-Term W Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling I CTR F Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling II; The Inner Magnetosphere I CTR M The Inner Magnetosphere II CTR W Planetary Magnetospheres CTR F The Auroral Ionosphere RJS W Waves in Plasmas 1 RJS F Waves in Plasmas 2 RJS F Review CTR/RJS M Final Due PS2 PS3 PS4 PS5 PS6 PS7
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ESS 200C Space Plasma Physics M/W/F 10:00 – 11:15 AM Instructors: C.T. Russell (Tel. x-53188; Office: Slichter 6869) R.J. Strangeway (Tel. x-66247; Office: Slichter 6869) •     Date 1/4 1/6 1/8 1/11           1/13 1/15 1/20 1/22 1/25 1/27 1/29 2/1 2/3 2/5      • • 2/8 2/10 2/12 2/17 2/19 2/26 2/29 ESS 154 Solar Terrestrial Physics Geology 4677 Day Topic Instructor M A Brief History of Solar Terrestrial Physics CTR W Upper Atmosphere / Ionosphere CTR F The Sun: Core to Chromosphere CTR M The Corona, Solar Cycle, Solar Activity Coronal Mass Ejections, and Flares CTR PS1 W The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 1 CTR F The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 2 CTR W Physics of Plasmas RJS F MHD including Waves RJS M Solar Wind Interactions: Magnetized Planets YM W Solar Wind Interactions: Unmagnetized Planets YM F Collisionless Shocks CTR M Mid-Term W Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling I CTR F Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling II; The Inner Magnetosphere I CTR M The Inner Magnetosphere II CTR W Planetary Magnetospheres CTR F The Auroral Ionosphere RJS W Waves in Plasmas 1 RJS F Waves in Plasmas 2 RJS F Review CTR/RJS M Final Due PS2 PS3 PS4 PS5 PS6 PS7 – 2/22
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ESS 200C Space Plasma Physics ESS 154 Solar Terrestrial Physics M/W/F 10:00 – 11:15 AM Geology 4677 Instructors: C.T. Russell (Tel. x-53188; Office: Slichter 6869) R.J. Strangeway (Tel. x-66247; Office: Slichter 6869) •     Date 1/4 1/6 1/8 1/11      • • • • • 1/13 1/15 1/20 1/22 1/25 1/27 1/29 2/1 2/3 2/5 • • • • • • • 2/8 2/10 2/12 2/17 2/19 2/26 2/29 Day Topic Instructor M A Brief History of Solar Terrestrial Physics CTR W Upper Atmosphere / Ionosphere CTR F The Sun: Core to Chromosphere CTR M The Corona, Solar Cycle, Solar Activity Coronal Mass Ejections, and Flares CTR PS1 W The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 1 CTR F The Solar Wind and Heliosphere, Part 2 CTR W Physics of Plasmas RJS F MHD including Waves RJS M Solar Wind Interactions: Magnetized Planets YM W Solar Wind Interactions: Unmagnetized Planets YM F Collisionless Shocks CTR M Mid-Term W Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling I CTR F Solar Wind Magnetosphere Coupling II; The Inner Magnetosphere I CTR M The Inner Magnetosphere II CTR W Planetary Magnetospheres CTR F The Auroral Ionosphere RJS W Waves in Plasmas 1 RJS F Waves in Plasmas 2 RJS F Review CTR/RJS M Final Due PS2 PS3 PS4 PS5 PS6 PS7
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Preamble “Post-amble” Block Execution: 3 Detail Observing Block Observing Block “Post-amble” “Post-amble” 3 Observing Block Observing Block ok Measurement Set ready “Post-amble” EVLA Data Processing PDR Observing Observing Block Block Observing Observing Block Block Failed! Preamble “Post-amble” Preamble ok ?4 5 Preamble ready Preamble Observing Observing Block Block Observing Observing Block Block Observing Block Observing Block Measurement Set “Post-amble” “Post-amble” Preamble Preamble “Post-amble” Measurement Set “Post-amble” “Post-amble” “Post-amble” July 18 - 19, 2002 2 2 Observing Observing Block Block Block Observing Observing Observing Block Block ok Archive: Preamble Observing Block Observing Block 34 ready Preamble “Post-amble” 1 3 Observing Block Observing Observing Block Block Observing Block Observing Observing Block Block ready Preamble Execution: Preamble ready Observing Observing Block Block Observing Observing Block Block Preamble Observing Block Observing Block 22 “Post-amble” “Post-amble” Preamble Preamble 1 “Post-amble” Preamble Input Queue: ok Measurement Set Boyd Waters 13
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Transparent Scalability Hardware is free to assign blocks to any processor at any time  A kernel scales across any number of parallel processors Device Device Kernel grid Block 0 Block 1 Block 2 Block 3 Block 0 Block 2 Block 1 Block 3 Block 4 Block 5 Block 6 Block 7  Block 4 Block 5 Block 6 Block 7 time Block 0 Block 1 Block 2 Block 3 Block 4 Block 5 Block 6 Block 7 Each block can execute in any CUDA Tools and Threads – Slide order relative 69
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KBTU/Sq. Ft. by Building - 2006 Building Use Monticello 4,165,029.972 KBTU Belle Plaine Ctr 380,179.646 KBTU Belle Plaine Ctr II 119,773.027 KBTU Tipton CEO 996,866.778 KBTU Cedar Rapids Campus 90,145,762.325 KBTU IC Annex 689,009.593 KBTU Marion Center 920,632.633 KBTU IC Learning Ctr 466,067.996 KBTU KTOS Center 2,710,569.569 KBTU Williamsburg Ctr 526,952.476 KBTU IC Credit Ctr 4,935,833.204 KBTU Tipton Center 240,323.623 KBTU Lincoln Ctr 1,769,757.910 KBTU Vinton Ctr 482,834.159 KBTU Washington Ctr S 268,456.155 KBTU Washington Ctr N 95,884.022 KBTU Use/ft2 121.984 105.605 99.811 91.962 89.338 78.154 78.119 77.678 76.896 75.712 65.899 62.196 57.769 48.283 41.907 17.433
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Transparent Scalability  Hardware is free to assign blocks to any SM (processor)  A kernel scales across any number of parallel processors Device Kernel grid Device Block 0 Block 1 Block 2 Block 3 Block 0 Block 1 Block 4 Block 5 Block 6 Block 7 Block 2 Block 3 Block 4 Block 5 Block 6 Block 7 26 time Block 0 Block 1 Block 2 Block 3 Block 4 Block 5 Block 6 Block 7 Each block can execute in any order relative to other blocks.
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We can form multi-hop relationships from RoloDex cards. Does this open up a new area of text mining for the three DTP Rolodexes  Recall: AC, is confident if a high fraction of the fF which are related to every aA, are also related to every cC. 9 7 7 … … … 2 2 2 1 1 1 Pos Term F is the Focus Entity and the high fraction is the MinimumConfidence ratio. DT (P=k) CD 1 1 … 3 0 0 1 0 1 1 … 1 0 0 3 1 … 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 T 1 … 9 … 3 0 0 1 0 1 1 … 1 0 0 3 1 … 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 P … 9 1 … 7 0 1 1 … 1 0 0 9 1 … 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 D 0 0 1 0 1 1 … 1 0 0 7 1 … 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 D 1 2 3 D 1 2 3 Pos T 1 0 1 0 1 1 … 1 0 0 9 1 … 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 P PT (D=k) CP A confident TPhk rule means: A high fraction of the Positions, pP in Doc=h which hold every Term, t A, also hold every Term, t C in Doc=k This only makes sense for A ,C singleton Terms. Also it seems like P would have to be singleton? 1 1 … Is this a high payoff research area? 7 0 0 1 0 1 1 … 1 0 0 7 1 … 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 A P PT (D=h) 2 … 9 A confident TDhk rule means: A high fraction of the Documents, dD having in Position=h, every Term, t A, also have in Position=k, every Term, t C. Again, A,C must be singletons. High payoff ? It suggests in 1-hop ARM: Looking for strong TD rules: A high fraction of the Documents, dD having every Term, t A, also have every Term, t C. Again, A,C must be singletons. Is there a high payoff research area here? A confident PDhk rule means: A high fraction of the Documents, dD having Term=h in every Pos, pA, also have Term=k in every Pos. pC. High payoff ? A P PD (T=h) 0 A T TP (D=h) 1 1 Is this a high payoff research area? TP (D=k) CT 1 0 PD (T=k) CP A confident DPhk rule means: A high fraction of the Positions, pP which hold Term=h for every doc A, also hold Term=k in Pos=p for every doc C. A D DP (T=h) 1 0 A T TD (P=h) DP (T=k) CD 1 1 Is there a high payoff research area here? A D DT (P=h) 1 D TD (P=k) CT A confident DThk rule means: A high fraction of the terms, tT in Position=h of every doc A, are also in Position=k of every doc C. DTPe k=1..3 PTCd DTPe k=1..9 PDCd DTPe k=1..7 TDRolodexCd A confident PThk rule means: A high fraction of the Terms, tT in Doc=h which occur at every Pos, p A, also occur at every Pos, pC in Doc=k T Is this a high payoff research area?
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