Reasoning Capabilities Buildfile: build.xml init: compile: Finding Transitive Closures (RDFS reasoning) dist: [jar] Building jar: /home/aks1/software/eclipse/workspace/ontojena/dist/lib/ontojena.jar Inferred Triples vehicle run: [java] MODEL OK [java] Resource: http://ontosem.org/#fire-engine Land-vehicle [java] - (http://ontosem.org/#fire-engine rdfs:subClassOf http://ontosem.org/#fire-engine) [java] - (http://ontosem.org/#fire-engine rdfs:subClassOf http://ontosem.org/#all) [java] - (http://ontosem.org/#fire-engine rdfs:subClassOf http://ontosem.org/#physical-object) [java] - (http://ontosem.org/#fire-engine rdfs:subClassOf http://ontosem.org/#inanimate) [java] - (http://ontosem.org/#fire-engine rdfs:subClassOf http://ontosem.org/#wheeled-vehicle) [java] - (http://ontosem.org/#fire-engine rdfs:subClassOf http://ontosem.org/#engine-propelled-vehicle) Engine-propelled--vehicle Wheeled--vehicle [java] - (http://ontosem.org/#fire-engine rdfs:subClassOf http://ontosem.org/#wheeled-engine-vehicle) [java] - (http://ontosem.org/#fire-engine rdfs:subClassOf http://ontosem.org/#artifact) [java] - (http://ontosem.org/#fire-engine rdfs:subClassOf http://ontosem.org/#object) [java] - (http://ontosem.org/#fire-engine rdfs:subClassOf http://ontosem.org/#land-vehicle) [java] - (http://ontosem.org/#fire-engine rdfs:subClassOf http://ontosem.org/#vehicle) [java] - (http://ontosem.org/#fire-engine rdfs:subClassOf http://ontosem.org/#truck) Wheeled-engine-vehicle [java] - (http://ontosem.org/#fire-engine rdfs:label ' "a truck with equipment for fighting fires"') [java] - (http://ontosem.org/#fire-engine rdf:type owl:Class) [java] fire-engine recognized as subclas of vehicle BUILD SUCCESSFUL Total time: 10 seconds real 0m11.144s user 0m9.530s sys 0m0.190s [[email protected] ontojena]$ Truck Fire-engine
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Different only in base-URI . _:g103 . _:g104 _:g103 . _:g104 . _:g105 . _:g105 . _:g105 . . _:g103 . _:g104 _:g103 . _:g104 . _:g105 . _:g105 . _:g105 . Introduction ᵒ Approach ᵒ Evaluation ᵒ Conclusion 11
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Federal Regulation Agencies Consumer ConsumerProduct Product Safety Commission Safety Commission http://www.cpsc.gov http://www.cpsc.gov Department Departmentof ofLabor Labor http://www.dol.gov http://www.dol.gov Environmental EnvironmentalProtection ProtectionAgency Agency http://www.epa.gov http://www.epa.gov Equal EqualEmployment Employment Opportunity OpportunityCommission Commission Federal FederalCommunications Communications Commission Commission 3.4 http://www.eeoc.gov http://www.eeoc.gov http://www.fcc.gov http://www.fcc.gov Federal FederalReserve ReserveSystem System http://www.federalreserve.gov http://www.federalreserve.gov Federal FederalTrade TradeCommission Commission http://www.ftc.gov http://www.ftc.gov Food Foodand andDrug DrugAdministration Administration http://www.fda.gov http://www.fda.gov National NationalLabor LaborRelations RelationsBoard Board http://www. http://www.nlrb.gov nlrb.gov Occupational OccupationalSafety Safetyand and Health Administration Health Administration Securities Securitiesand andExchange Exchange Commission Commission http://www.osha.gov http://www.osha.gov http://www.sec.gov http://www.sec.gov 22
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24/42: Topic 3.3 – Discrete Choice; The Multinomial Logit Model +---------------------------------------------------+ | Elasticity averaged over observations.| | Attribute is INVT in choice AIR | | Mean St.Dev | | * Choice=AIR -.2055 .0666 | | Choice=TRAIN .0903 .0681 | | Choice=BUS .0903 .0681 | | Choice=CAR .0903 .0681 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice TRAIN | | Choice=AIR .3568 .1231 | | * Choice=TRAIN -.9892 .5217 | | Choice=BUS .3568 .1231 | | Choice=CAR .3568 .1231 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice BUS | | Choice=AIR .1889 .0743 | | Choice=TRAIN .1889 .0743 | | * Choice=BUS -1.2040 .4803 | | Choice=CAR .1889 .0743 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice CAR | | Choice=AIR .3174 .1195 | | Choice=TRAIN .3174 .1195 | | Choice=BUS .3174 .1195 | | * Choice=CAR -.9510 .5504 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Effects on probabilities of all choices in model: | | * = Direct Elasticity effect of the attribute. | +---------------------------------------------------+ Note the effect of IIA on the cross effects. Own effect Cross effects Elasticities are computed for each observation; the mean and standard deviation are then computed across the sample observations.
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34/42: Topic 3.3 – Discrete Choice; The Multinomial Logit Model +---------------------------------------------------+ | Elasticity averaged over observations.| | Attribute is INVT in choice AIR | | Mean St.Dev | | * Choice=AIR -.2055 .0666 | | Choice=TRAIN .0903 .0681 | | Choice=BUS .0903 .0681 | | Choice=CAR .0903 .0681 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice TRAIN | | Choice=AIR .3568 .1231 | | * Choice=TRAIN -.9892 .5217 | | Choice=BUS .3568 .1231 | | Choice=CAR .3568 .1231 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice BUS | | Choice=AIR .1889 .0743 | | Choice=TRAIN .1889 .0743 | | * Choice=BUS -1.2040 .4803 | | Choice=CAR .1889 .0743 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice CAR | | Choice=AIR .3174 .1195 | | Choice=TRAIN .3174 .1195 | | Choice=BUS .3174 .1195 | | * Choice=CAR -.9510 .5504 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Effects on probabilities of all choices in model: | | * = Direct Elasticity effect of the attribute. | +---------------------------------------------------+ Behavioral Implication of IIA Own effect Cross effects Note the effect of IIA on the cross effects. Elasticities are computed for each observation; the mean and standard deviation are then computed across the sample observations.
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26/62: Topic 3.3 – Discrete Choice; The Multinomial Logit Model +---------------------------------------------------+ | Elasticity averaged over observations.| | Attribute is INVT in choice AIR | | Mean St.Dev | | * Choice=AIR -.2055 .0666 | | Choice=TRAIN .0903 .0681 | | Choice=BUS .0903 .0681 | | Choice=CAR .0903 .0681 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice TRAIN | | Choice=AIR .3568 .1231 | | * Choice=TRAIN -.9892 .5217 | | Choice=BUS .3568 .1231 | | Choice=CAR .3568 .1231 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice BUS | | Choice=AIR .1889 .0743 | | Choice=TRAIN .1889 .0743 | | * Choice=BUS -1.2040 .4803 | | Choice=CAR .1889 .0743 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice CAR | | Choice=AIR .3174 .1195 | | Choice=TRAIN .3174 .1195 | | Choice=BUS .3174 .1195 | | * Choice=CAR -.9510 .5504 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Effects on probabilities of all choices in model: | | * = Direct Elasticity effect of the attribute. | +---------------------------------------------------+ Note the effect of IIA on the cross effects. Own effect Cross effects Elasticities are computed for each observation; the mean and standard deviation are then computed across the sample observations.
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38/62: Topic 3.3 – Discrete Choice; The Multinomial Logit Model +---------------------------------------------------+ | Elasticity averaged over observations.| | Attribute is INVT in choice AIR | | Mean St.Dev | | * Choice=AIR -.2055 .0666 | | Choice=TRAIN .0903 .0681 | | Choice=BUS .0903 .0681 | | Choice=CAR .0903 .0681 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice TRAIN | | Choice=AIR .3568 .1231 | | * Choice=TRAIN -.9892 .5217 | | Choice=BUS .3568 .1231 | | Choice=CAR .3568 .1231 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice BUS | | Choice=AIR .1889 .0743 | | Choice=TRAIN .1889 .0743 | | * Choice=BUS -1.2040 .4803 | | Choice=CAR .1889 .0743 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice CAR | | Choice=AIR .3174 .1195 | | Choice=TRAIN .3174 .1195 | | Choice=BUS .3174 .1195 | | * Choice=CAR -.9510 .5504 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Effects on probabilities of all choices in model: | | * = Direct Elasticity effect of the attribute. | +---------------------------------------------------+ Behavioral Implication of IIA Own effect Cross effects Note the effect of IIA on the cross effects. Elasticities are computed for each observation; the mean and standard deviation are then computed across the sample observations.
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| Elasticity averaged over observations. | | Attribute is INVC in choice AIR | | Decomposition of Effect if Nest Total Effect| | Trunk Limb Branch Choice Mean St.Dev| | Branch=PRIVATE | | * Choice=AIR .000 .000 -2.456 -3.091 -5.547 3.525 | | Choice=CAR .000 .000 -2.456 2.916 .460 3.178 | | Branch=PUBLIC | | Choice=TRAIN .000 .000 3.846 .000 3.846 4.865 | | Choice=BUS .000 .000 3.846 .000 3.846 4.865 | +-----------------------------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVC in choice CAR | | Branch=PRIVATE | | Choice=AIR .000 .000 -.757 .650 -.107 .589 | | * Choice=CAR .000 .000 -.757 -.830 -1.587 1.292 | | Branch=PUBLIC | | Choice=TRAIN .000 .000 .647 .000 .647 .605 | | Choice=BUS .000 .000 .647 .000 .647 .605 | +-----------------------------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVC in choice TRAIN | | Branch=PRIVATE | | Choice=AIR .000 .000 1.340 .000 1.340 1.475 | | Choice=CAR .000 .000 1.340 .000 1.340 1.475 | | Branch=PUBLIC | | * Choice=TRAIN .000 .000 -1.986 -1.490 -3.475 2.539 | | Choice=BUS .000 .000 -1.986 2.128 .142 1.321 | +-----------------------------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVC in choice BUS | | Branch=PRIVATE | | Choice=AIR .000 .000 .547 .000 .547 .871 | | Choice=CAR .000 .000 .547 .000 .547 .871 | | Branch=PUBLIC | | Choice=TRAIN .000 .000 -.841 .888 .047 .678 | | * Choice=BUS .000 .000 -.841 -1.469 -2.310 1.119 | Estimated Elasticities – Note Decomposition
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Discrete Choice Modeling [Part Heterogeneity 9] 53/79 Modeling HEV Model - Elasticities +---------------------------------------------------+ | Elasticity averaged over observations.| | Attribute is INVC in choice AIR | | Effects on probabilities of all choices in model: | | * = Direct Elasticity effect of the attribute. | | Mean St.Dev | | * Choice=AIR -4.2604 1.6745 | | Choice=TRAIN 1.5828 1.9918 | | Choice=BUS 3.2158 4.4589 | | Choice=CAR 2.6644 4.0479 | | Attribute is INVC in choice TRAIN | | Choice=AIR .7306 .5171 | | * Choice=TRAIN -3.6725 4.2167 | | Choice=BUS 2.4322 2.9464 | | Choice=CAR 1.6659 1.3707 | | Attribute is INVC in choice BUS | | Choice=AIR .3698 .5522 | | Choice=TRAIN .5949 1.5410 | | * Choice=BUS -6.5309 5.0374 | | Choice=CAR 2.1039 8.8085 | | Attribute is INVC in choice CAR | | Choice=AIR .3401 .3078 | | Choice=TRAIN .4681 .4794 | | Choice=BUS 1.4723 1.6322 | | * Choice=CAR -3.5584 9.3057 | +---------------------------------------------------+ Multinomial Logit +---------------------------+ | INVC in AIR | | Mean St.Dev | | * -5.0216 2.3881 | | 2.2191 2.6025 | | 2.2191 2.6025 | | 2.2191 2.6025 | | INVC in TRAIN | | 1.0066 .8801 | | * -3.3536 2.4168 | | 1.0066 .8801 | | 1.0066 .8801 | | INVC in BUS | | .4057 .6339 | | .4057 .6339 | | * -2.4359 1.1237 | | .4057 .6339 | | INVC in CAR | | .3944 .3589 | | .3944 .3589 | | .3944 .3589 | | * -1.3888 1.2161 | +---------------------------+
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Elasticities for CLOGIT +---------------------------------------------------+ | Elasticity averaged over observations.| | Attribute is INVT in choice AIR | | Mean St.Dev | | * Choice=AIR -.2055 .0666 | | Choice=TRAIN .0903 .0681 | | Choice=BUS .0903 .0681 | | Choice=CAR .0903 .0681 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice TRAIN | | Choice=AIR .3568 .1231 | | * Choice=TRAIN -.9892 .5217 | | Choice=BUS .3568 .1231 | | Choice=CAR .3568 .1231 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice BUS | | Choice=AIR .1889 .0743 | | Choice=TRAIN .1889 .0743 | | * Choice=BUS -1.2040 .4803 | | Choice=CAR .1889 .0743 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice CAR | | Choice=AIR .3174 .1195 | | Choice=TRAIN .3174 .1195 | | Choice=BUS .3174 .1195 | | * Choice=CAR -.9510 .5504 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Effects on probabilities of all choices in model: | | * = Direct Elasticity effect of the attribute. | +---------------------------------------------------+ Note the effect of IIA on the cross effects. Own effect Cross effects Elasticities are computed for each observation; the mean and standard deviation are then computed across the sample observations.
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Behavioral Implication of IIA +---------------------------------------------------+ | Elasticity averaged over observations.| | Attribute is INVT in choice AIR | | Mean St.Dev | | * Choice=AIR -.2055 .0666 | | Choice=TRAIN .0903 .0681 | | Choice=BUS .0903 .0681 | | Choice=CAR .0903 .0681 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice TRAIN | | Choice=AIR .3568 .1231 | | * Choice=TRAIN -.9892 .5217 | | Choice=BUS .3568 .1231 | | Choice=CAR .3568 .1231 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice BUS | | Choice=AIR .1889 .0743 | | Choice=TRAIN .1889 .0743 | | * Choice=BUS -1.2040 .4803 | | Choice=CAR .1889 .0743 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice CAR | | Choice=AIR .3174 .1195 | | Choice=TRAIN .3174 .1195 | | Choice=BUS .3174 .1195 | | * Choice=CAR -.9510 .5504 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Effects on probabilities of all choices in model: | | * = Direct Elasticity effect of the attribute. | +---------------------------------------------------+ Note the effect of IIA on the cross effects. Own effect Cross effects Elasticities are computed for each observation; the mean and standard deviation are then computed across the sample observations.
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27/54: Topic 4.1 – Nested Logit and Multinomial Probit Models Multinomial Probit Elasticities +---------------------------------------------------+ | Elasticity averaged over observations.| | Attribute is INVC in choice AIR | | Effects on probabilities of all choices in model: | | * = Direct Elasticity effect of the attribute. | | Mean St.Dev | | * Choice=AIR -4.2785 1.7182 | | Choice=TRAIN 1.9910 1.6765 | | Choice=BUS 2.6722 1.8376 | | Choice=CAR 1.4169 1.3250 | | Attribute is INVC in choice TRAIN | | Choice=AIR .8827 .8711 | | * Choice=TRAIN -6.3979 5.8973 | | Choice=BUS 3.6442 2.6279 | | Choice=CAR 1.9185 1.5209 | | Attribute is INVC in choice BUS | | Choice=AIR .3879 .6303 | | Choice=TRAIN 1.2804 2.1632 | | * Choice=BUS -7.4014 4.5056 | | Choice=CAR 1.5053 2.5220 | | Attribute is INVC in choice CAR | | Choice=AIR .2593 .2529 | | Choice=TRAIN .8457 .8093 | | Choice=BUS 1.7532 1.3878 | | * Choice=CAR -2.6657 3.0418 | +---------------------------------------------------+ Multinomial Logit +---------------------------+ | INVC in AIR | | Mean St.Dev | | * -5.0216 2.3881 | | 2.2191 2.6025 | | 2.2191 2.6025 | | 2.2191 2.6025 | | INVC in TRAIN | | 1.0066 .8801 | | * -3.3536 2.4168 | | 1.0066 .8801 | | 1.0066 .8801 | | INVC in BUS | | .4057 .6339 | | .4057 .6339 | | * -2.4359 1.1237 | | .4057 .6339 | | INVC in CAR | | .3944 .3589 | | .3944 .3589 | | .3944 .3589 | | * -1.3888 1.2161 | +---------------------------+
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33/54: Topic 4.1 – Nested Logit and Multinomial Probit Models HEV Model - Elasticities +---------------------------------------------------+ | Elasticity averaged over observations.| | Attribute is INVC in choice AIR | | Effects on probabilities of all choices in model: | | * = Direct Elasticity effect of the attribute. | | Mean St.Dev | | * Choice=AIR -4.2604 1.6745 | | Choice=TRAIN 1.5828 1.9918 | | Choice=BUS 3.2158 4.4589 | | Choice=CAR 2.6644 4.0479 | | Attribute is INVC in choice TRAIN | | Choice=AIR .7306 .5171 | | * Choice=TRAIN -3.6725 4.2167 | | Choice=BUS 2.4322 2.9464 | | Choice=CAR 1.6659 1.3707 | | Attribute is INVC in choice BUS | | Choice=AIR .3698 .5522 | | Choice=TRAIN .5949 1.5410 | | * Choice=BUS -6.5309 5.0374 | | Choice=CAR 2.1039 8.8085 | | Attribute is INVC in choice CAR | | Choice=AIR .3401 .3078 | | Choice=TRAIN .4681 .4794 | | Choice=BUS 1.4723 1.6322 | | * Choice=CAR -3.5584 9.3057 | +---------------------------------------------------+ Multinomial Logit +---------------------------+ | INVC in AIR | | Mean St.Dev | | * -5.0216 2.3881 | | 2.2191 2.6025 | | 2.2191 2.6025 | | 2.2191 2.6025 | | INVC in TRAIN | | 1.0066 .8801 | | * -3.3536 2.4168 | | 1.0066 .8801 | | 1.0066 .8801 | | INVC in BUS | | .4057 .6339 | | .4057 .6339 | | * -2.4359 1.1237 | | .4057 .6339 | | INVC in CAR | | .3944 .3589 | | .3944 .3589 | | .3944 .3589 | | * -1.3888 1.2161 | +---------------------------+
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Multinomial Probit Elasticities +---------------------------------------------------+ | Elasticity averaged over observations.| | Attribute is INVC in choice AIR | | Effects on probabilities of all choices in model: | | * = Direct Elasticity effect of the attribute. | | Mean St.Dev | | * Choice=AIR -4.2785 1.7182 | | Choice=TRAIN 1.9910 1.6765 | | Choice=BUS 2.6722 1.8376 | | Choice=CAR 1.4169 1.3250 | | Attribute is INVC in choice TRAIN | | Choice=AIR .8827 .8711 | | * Choice=TRAIN -6.3979 5.8973 | | Choice=BUS 3.6442 2.6279 | | Choice=CAR 1.9185 1.5209 | | Attribute is INVC in choice BUS | | Choice=AIR .3879 .6303 | | Choice=TRAIN 1.2804 2.1632 | | * Choice=BUS -7.4014 4.5056 | | Choice=CAR 1.5053 2.5220 | | Attribute is INVC in choice CAR | | Choice=AIR .2593 .2529 | | Choice=TRAIN .8457 .8093 | | Choice=BUS 1.7532 1.3878 | | * Choice=CAR -2.6657 3.0418 | +---------------------------------------------------+ Multinomial Logit +---------------------------+ | INVC in AIR | | Mean St.Dev | | * -5.0216 2.3881 | | 2.2191 2.6025 | | 2.2191 2.6025 | | 2.2191 2.6025 | | INVC in TRAIN | | 1.0066 .8801 | | * -3.3536 2.4168 | | 1.0066 .8801 | | 1.0066 .8801 | | INVC in BUS | | .4057 .6339 | | .4057 .6339 | | * -2.4359 1.1237 | | .4057 .6339 | | INVC in CAR | | .3944 .3589 | | .3944 .3589 | | .3944 .3589 | | * -1.3888 1.2161 | +---------------------------+
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Elasticities for CLOGIT Request: ;Effects: attribute (choices where changes ) ; Effects: INVT(*) (INVT changes in all choices) +---------------------------------------------------+ | Elasticity averaged over observations.| | Attribute is INVT in choice AIR | | Effects on probabilities of all choices in model: | | * = Direct Elasticity effect of the attribute. | | Mean St.Dev | | * Choice=AIR -1.3363 .7275 | | Choice=TRAIN .5349 .6358 | | Choice=BUS .5349 .6358 | | Choice=CAR .5349 .6358 | | Attribute is INVT in choice TRAIN | | Choice=AIR 2.2153 2.4366 | | * Choice=TRAIN -6.2976 4.0280 | | Choice=BUS 2.2153 2.4366 | | Choice=CAR 2.2153 2.4366 | | Attribute is INVT in choice BUS | | Choice=AIR 1.1942 1.7469 | | Choice=TRAIN 1.1942 1.7469 | | * Choice=BUS -7.6150 3.4417 | | Choice=CAR 1.1942 1.7469 | | Attribute is INVT in choice CAR | | Choice=AIR 2.0852 2.0953 | | Choice=TRAIN 2.0852 2.0953 | | Choice=BUS 2.0852 2.0953 | | * Choice=CAR -5.9367 3.7493 | +---------------------------------------------------+ Own effect Cross effects Note the effect of IIA on the cross effects.
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HEV Model - Elasticities +---------------------------------------------------+ | Elasticity averaged over observations.| | Attribute is INVC in choice AIR | | Effects on probabilities of all choices in model: | | * = Direct Elasticity effect of the attribute. | | Mean St.Dev | | * Choice=AIR -4.2604 1.6745 | | Choice=TRAIN 1.5828 1.9918 | | Choice=BUS 3.2158 4.4589 | | Choice=CAR 2.6644 4.0479 | | Attribute is INVC in choice TRAIN | | Choice=AIR .7306 .5171 | | * Choice=TRAIN -3.6725 4.2167 | | Choice=BUS 2.4322 2.9464 | | Choice=CAR 1.6659 1.3707 | | Attribute is INVC in choice BUS | | Choice=AIR .3698 .5522 | | Choice=TRAIN .5949 1.5410 | | * Choice=BUS -6.5309 5.0374 | | Choice=CAR 2.1039 8.8085 | | Attribute is INVC in choice CAR | | Choice=AIR .3401 .3078 | | Choice=TRAIN .4681 .4794 | | Choice=BUS 1.4723 1.6322 | | * Choice=CAR -3.5584 9.3057 | +---------------------------------------------------+ Multinomial Logit +---------------------------+ | INVC in AIR | | Mean St.Dev | | * -5.0216 2.3881 | | 2.2191 2.6025 | | 2.2191 2.6025 | | 2.2191 2.6025 | | INVC in TRAIN | | 1.0066 .8801 | | * -3.3536 2.4168 | | 1.0066 .8801 | | 1.0066 .8801 | | INVC in BUS | | .4057 .6339 | | .4057 .6339 | | * -2.4359 1.1237 | | .4057 .6339 | | INVC in CAR | | .3944 .3589 | | .3944 .3589 | | .3944 .3589 | | * -1.3888 1.2161 | +---------------------------+
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MNP Elasticities +---------------------------------------------------+ | Elasticity averaged over observations.| | Attribute is INVT in choice AIR | | Effects on probabilities of all choices in model: | | * = Direct Elasticity effect of the attribute. | | Mean St.Dev | | * Choice=AIR -1.0154 .4600 | | Choice=TRAIN .4773 .4052 | | Choice=BUS .6124 .4282 | | Choice=CAR .3237 .3037 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice TRAIN | | Choice=AIR 1.8113 1.6718 | | * Choice=TRAIN -11.8375 10.1346 | | Choice=BUS 7.9668 6.8088 | | Choice=CAR 4.3257 4.4078 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice BUS | | Choice=AIR .9635 1.4635 | | Choice=TRAIN 3.9555 6.7724 | | * Choice=BUS -23.3467 14.2837 | | Choice=CAR 4.6840 7.8314 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice CAR | | Choice=AIR 1.3324 1.4476 | | Choice=TRAIN 4.5062 4.7695 | | Choice=BUS 9.6001 7.6406 | | * Choice=CAR -10.8870 10.0449 | +---------------------------------------------------+
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HEV Model - Elasticities +---------------------------------------------------+ | Elasticity averaged over observations.| | Attribute is INVC in choice AIR | | Effects on probabilities of all choices in model: | | * = Direct Elasticity effect of the attribute. | | Mean St.Dev | | * Choice=AIR -4.2604 1.6745 | | Choice=TRAIN 1.5828 1.9918 | | Choice=BUS 3.2158 4.4589 | | Choice=CAR 2.6644 4.0479 | | Attribute is INVC in choice TRAIN | | Choice=AIR .7306 .5171 | | * Choice=TRAIN -3.6725 4.2167 | | Choice=BUS 2.4322 2.9464 | | Choice=CAR 1.6659 1.3707 | | Attribute is INVC in choice BUS | | Choice=AIR .3698 .5522 | | Choice=TRAIN .5949 1.5410 | | * Choice=BUS -6.5309 5.0374 | | Choice=CAR 2.1039 8.8085 | | Attribute is INVC in choice CAR | | Choice=AIR .3401 .3078 | | Choice=TRAIN .4681 .4794 | | Choice=BUS 1.4723 1.6322 | | * Choice=CAR -3.5584 9.3057 | +---------------------------------------------------+ Multinomial Logit +---------------------------+ | INVC in AIR | | Mean St.Dev | | * -5.0216 2.3881 | | 2.2191 2.6025 | | 2.2191 2.6025 | | 2.2191 2.6025 | | INVC in TRAIN | | 1.0066 .8801 | | * -3.3536 2.4168 | | 1.0066 .8801 | | 1.0066 .8801 | | INVC in BUS | | .4057 .6339 | | .4057 .6339 | | * -2.4359 1.1237 | | .4057 .6339 | | INVC in CAR | | .3944 .3589 | | .3944 .3589 | | .3944 .3589 | | * -1.3888 1.2161 | +---------------------------+
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MNP Elasticities +---------------------------------------------------+ | Elasticity averaged over observations.| | Attribute is INVT in choice AIR | | Effects on probabilities of all choices in model: | | * = Direct Elasticity effect of the attribute. | | Mean St.Dev | | * Choice=AIR -1.0154 .4600 | | Choice=TRAIN .4773 .4052 | | Choice=BUS .6124 .4282 | | Choice=CAR .3237 .3037 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice TRAIN | | Choice=AIR 1.8113 1.6718 | | * Choice=TRAIN -11.8375 10.1346 | | Choice=BUS 7.9668 6.8088 | | Choice=CAR 4.3257 4.4078 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice BUS | | Choice=AIR .9635 1.4635 | | Choice=TRAIN 3.9555 6.7724 | | * Choice=BUS -23.3467 14.2837 | | Choice=CAR 4.6840 7.8314 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is INVT in choice CAR | | Choice=AIR 1.3324 1.4476 | | Choice=TRAIN 4.5062 4.7695 | | Choice=BUS 9.6001 7.6406 | | * Choice=CAR -10.8870 10.0449 | +---------------------------------------------------+
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NIH Expedited Reporting • Requirements for reporting vary by institute Institute NCCAM: NCI: NEI: NHLBI: NIA: NIAID: NIAMS: NICHD: NIDA: NIDCR: NIDDK: NIMH: NINDS: Data and Safety Monitoring Policies http://nccam.nih.gov/research/policies/datasafety/ http://deainfo.nci.nih.gov/grantspolicies/datasafety.htm http://www.nci.nih.gov/clinical_trials/conducting/ http://www.nei.nih.gov/funding/policy/policy6.htm http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/funding/policies/dsmb_est.htm http://rover2.nhlbi.nih.gov/funding/policies/dsm-12.htm http://rover2.nhlbi.nih.gov/funding/policies/dataqual.htm http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/funding/policies/dsmb_othr.htm http://www.nia.nih.gov/funding/policy/humint.htm http://www.niaid.nih.gov/ncn/pdf/clinterm.pdf http://www.niams.nih.gov/rtac/clinical/dsmb3.html http://www.niams.nih.gov/rtac/funding/grants/datasafe.htm http://www.nichd.nih.gov/funding/datasafety.htm http://www.nida.nih.gov/Funding/DSMBSOP.html http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/research/ctp/data_safety_monitoring_boards.pdf http://www.niddk.nih.gov/patient/patient.htm#policy http://www.nimh.nih.gov/research/safetymonitoring.cfm http://www.ninds.nih.gov/funding/ninds_patient_safety_guidelines.htm
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Discrete Choice Modeling [Part Heterogeneity 9] 59/79 Modeling Homogeneous HEV Elasticities Multinomial Logit +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is PRICE in choice BRAND1 | | Mean St.Dev | | * Choice=BRAND1 -1.0585 .4526 | | Choice=BRAND2 .2801 .2573 | | Choice=BRAND3 .3270 .3004 | | Choice=NONE .3232 .2969 | | Attribute is PRICE in choice BRAND2 | | Choice=BRAND1 .3576 .1481 | | * Choice=BRAND2 -1.2122 .3142 | | Choice=BRAND3 .3466 .1426 | | Choice=NONE .3429 .1411 | | Attribute is PRICE in choice BRAND3 | | Choice=BRAND1 .4332 .2532 | | Choice=BRAND2 .3610 .2116 | | * Choice=BRAND3 -.8648 .4015 | | Choice=NONE .4156 .2436 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Elasticity averaged over observations.| | Effects on probabilities of all choices in model: | | * = Direct Elasticity effect of the attribute. | +---------------------------------------------------+ +--------------------------+ | PRICE in choice BRAND1| | Mean St.Dev | | * -.8895 .3647 | | .2907 .2631 | | .2907 .2631 | | .2907 .2631 | | PRICE in choice BRAND2| | .3127 .1371 | | * -1.2216 .3135 | | .3127 .1371 | | .3127 .1371 | | PRICE in choice BRAND3| | .3664 .2233 | | .3664 .2233 | | * -.7548 .3363 | | .3664 .2233 | +--------------------------+
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Discrete Choice Modeling [Part Heterogeneity 9] 61/79 Modeling Variance Heterogeneity Elasticities Multinomial Logit +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is PRICE in choice BRAND1 | | Mean St.Dev | | * Choice=BRAND1 -.8978 .5162 | | Choice=BRAND2 .2269 .2595 | | Choice=BRAND3 .2507 .2884 | | Choice=NONE .3116 .3587 | | Attribute is PRICE in choice BRAND2 | | Choice=BRAND1 .2853 .1776 | | * Choice=BRAND2 -1.0757 .5030 | | Choice=BRAND3 .2779 .1669 | | Choice=NONE .3404 .2045 | | Attribute is PRICE in choice BRAND3 | | Choice=BRAND1 .3328 .2477 | | Choice=BRAND2 .2974 .2227 | | * Choice=BRAND3 -.7458 .4468 | | Choice=NONE .4056 .3025 | +---------------------------------------------------+ +--------------------------+ | PRICE in choice BRAND1| | Mean St.Dev | | * -.8895 .3647 | | .2907 .2631 | | .2907 .2631 | | .2907 .2631 | | PRICE in choice BRAND2| | .3127 .1371 | | * -1.2216 .3135 | | .3127 .1371 | | .3127 .1371 | | PRICE in choice BRAND3| | .3664 .2233 | | .3664 .2233 | | * -.7548 .3363 | | .3664 .2233 | +--------------------------+
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Discrete Choice Modeling [Part 11] Mixed Logit 33/52 Models Estimated Elasticities +---------------------------------------------------+ | Elasticity averaged over observations.| | Attribute is PRICE in choice BRAND1 | | Effects on probabilities of all choices in model: | | * = Direct Elasticity effect of the attribute. | | Mean St.Dev | | * Choice=BRAND1 -.9210 .4661 | | Choice=BRAND2 .2773 .3053 | | Choice=BRAND3 .2971 .3370 | | Choice=NONE .2781 .2804 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is PRICE in choice BRAND2 | | Choice=BRAND1 .3055 .1911 | | * Choice=BRAND2 -1.2692 .6179 | | Choice=BRAND3 .3195 .2127 | | Choice=NONE .2934 .1711 | +---------------------------------------------------+ | Attribute is PRICE in choice BRAND3 | | Choice=BRAND1 .3737 .2939 | | Choice=BRAND2 .3881 .3047 | | * Choice=BRAND3 -.7549 .4015 | | Choice=NONE .3488 .2670 | +---------------------------------------------------+ Multinomial Logit +--------------------------+ | Effects on probabilities | | * = Direct effect te. | | Mean St.Dev | | PRICE in choice BRAND1 | | * BRAND1 -.8895 .3647 | | BRAND2 .2907 .2631 | | BRAND3 .2907 .2631 | | NONE .2907 .2631 | +--------------------------+ | PRICE in choice BRAND2 | | BRAND1 .3127 .1371 | | * BRAND2 -1.2216 .3135 | | BRAND3 .3127 .1371 | | NONE .3127 .1371 | +--------------------------+ | PRICE in choice BRAND3 | | BRAND1 .3664 .2233 | | BRAND2 .3664 .2233 | | * BRAND3 -.7548 .3363 | | NONE .3664 .2233 | +--------------------------+
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Different in Literal Content . “Eric Miller” . “mailto:[email protected]“ . “Dr” . . “John Doe” . “mailto:[email protected] “ . “Mr” . Introduction ᵒ Approach ᵒ Evaluation ᵒ Conclusion 9
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