SYSTEMS ANALYSIS AND DESIGN METHODS 5th Edition System DFD Whitten Bentley Dittman (see book for more readable copy) Most DFDs won’t fit on one or two pages – too many event processes. Instead they must be illustrated in a series of system diagrams that correspond to the structure originally depicted in the functional decomposition diagram. Transactions Product and Availability Products Product and Availability Relevant Transactions Member Member Order Process Member Order Inventory Commitment Inventory Commitmen t Member Subscription Order Warehouse Packing Order Process Subscription Order Packing Order Member Order Confirmation Subscription Order Confirmation New Member Ordered Products Member Updated Member from Order Members New Member Order New Member Ordered Products Address New Member Order Members Member Orders Member Ordered Products Member Orders Deleted Member Order Orders Updated Member Updated Member Order Updated Member from Updated Order Member Order Change Request Deleted Member Ordered Products Ordered Products Member Process Member Order Revision Member Order Confirmation Product and Availability Generate Order Analysis Report Process Member Order Cancelation Updated Member Ordered Products Member Order Cancelation Member Member Order Cancelation Notice End of Day Inventory Commitment Revised Packing Order Warehouse Time Order Analysis Report Club Directors Products Irwin/McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2000 The McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights res
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NSU’s NSU’s 17 17 Academic Academic Institutes Institutes  Brief Therapy Institute  Lifelong Learning Institute  Community Resolution Services  National Coral Reef Institute  Criminal Justice Institute Brief Therapy Institute   The Eye Institute Community Resolution Services  Options National Coral Reef Institute  Guy Harvey Research Institute Criminal Justice Institute     Hudson The EyeInstitute Instituteof Entrepreneurship and Executive Education Guy Harvey Research Institute  Institute of Trauma and Victimization Hudson Institute of International Institute Franchise Entrepreneurship andfor Executive  Education Education  Southeast Rumbaugh-Goodwin Institute for Institute for Cross-  Institute of Trauma and Victimization   Tyler Institute Institute The Language  International Institute for Franchise Education   Women’s Tyler Institute Resource       National Lifelong Learning Institute Institute for Educational Rumbaugh-Goodwin Institute for National Institute for Educational Cancer Research Options CancerCounseling Research Cultural Southeast Institute for Cross South Florida Ocean Cultural Counseling Measurement Center  South Florida Ocean The LanguageCenter Institute Measurement Institute Women’s Resource Institute
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It’s really not this bad! Office Officeofofthe theDirector Director National NationalInstitute Institute on onAging Aging National NationalInstitute Institute on onAlcohol AlcoholAbuse Abuse and andAlcoholism Alcoholism National NationalInstitute Institute ofofAllergy Allergyand and Infectious InfectiousDiseases Diseases National NationalInstitute Institute ofofArthritis Arthritisand and Musculoskeletal Musculoskeletal and andSkin SkinDiseases Diseases National NationalCancer Cancer Institute Institute Eunice EuniceKennedy Kennedy Shriver ShriverNational NationalInstitute Institute ofofChild ChildHealth Healthand and Human HumanDevelopment Development National NationalInstitute Instituteon on Deafness Deafnessand andOther Other Communication Communication Disorders Disorders National NationalInstitute Institute ofofDental Dentaland and Craniofacial Craniofacial Research Research National NationalInstitute Institute ofofDiabetes Diabetesand and Digestive Digestiveand and Kidney Diseases Kidney Diseases National NationalInstitute Institute on onDrug DrugAbuse Abuse National NationalInstitute Institute ofofEnvironmental Environmental Health Sciences Health Sciences National NationalEye Eye Institute Institute National NationalInstitute Institute ofofGeneral General Medical Sciences Medical Sciences National NationalHeart, Heart, Lung, Lung,and andBlood Blood Institute Institute National NationalHuman Human Genome GenomeResearch Research Institute Institute National NationalInstitute Institute ofofMental MentalHealth Health National NationalInstitute Institute ofofNeurological Neurological Disorders Disordersand and Stroke Stroke National NationalInstitute Institute ofofNursing NursingResearch Research National NationalCenter Center for forComplementary Complementary and Alternative and Alternative Medicine Medicine John JohnE. E.Fogarty Fogarty International International Center Center National NationalCenter Center for forResearch Research Resources Resources National NationalLibrary Library ofofMedicine Medicine National NationalInstitute Instituteofof Biomedical BiomedicalImaging Imaging and andBioengineering Bioengineering Clinical ClinicalCenter Center Understanding NIH Center Centerfor for Information Information Technology Technology Slide 10 National NationalInstitute Instituteon on Minority MinorityHealth Healthand and Health Disparities Health Disparities Center Centerfor for Scientific ScientificReview Review 8 November 2017
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National Institutes of Health Office Officeof ofthe theDirector Director National NationalInstitute Institute on onAging Aging National NationalInstitute Institute on onAlcohol AlcoholAbuse Abuse and andAlcoholism Alcoholism National NationalInstitute Institute of ofAllergy Allergyand and Infectious InfectiousDiseases Diseases National NationalInstitute Institute of ofArthritis Arthritisand and Musculoskeletal Musculoskeletal and andSkin SkinDiseases Diseases National NationalCancer Cancer Institute Institute National NationalInstitute Institute of ofChild ChildHealth Health and andHuman Human Development Development National NationalInstitute Instituteon on Deafness Deafnessand andOther Other Communication Communication Disorders Disorders National NationalInstitute Institute of ofDental Dentaland and Craniofacial Craniofacial Research Research National NationalInstitute Institute of ofDiabetes Diabetesand and Digestive Digestiveand and Kidney KidneyDiseases Diseases National NationalInstitute Institute on onDrug DrugAbuse Abuse National NationalInstitute Institute of ofEnvironmental Environmental Health HealthSciences Sciences National NationalEye Eye Institute Institute National NationalInstitute Institute of ofGeneral General Medical MedicalSciences Sciences National NationalHeart, Heart, Lung, Lung,and andBlood Blood Institute Institute National NationalHuman Human Genome GenomeResearch Research Institute Institute National NationalInstitute Institute of ofMental MentalHealth Health National NationalInstitute Institute of ofNeurological Neurological Disorders Disordersand and Stroke Stroke National NationalInstitute Institute of ofNursing NursingResearch Research National NationalInstitute Instituteof of Biomedical BiomedicalImaging Imaging and andBioengineering Bioengineering National NationalCenter Center for forComplementary Complementary and andAlternative Alternative Medicine Medicine Fogarty Fogarty International International Center Center National NationalCenter Center for forResearch Research Resources Resources National NationalLibrary Library of ofMedicine Medicine National NationalCenter Centeron on Minority Health Minority Healthand and Health HealthDisparities Disparities Clinical ClinicalCenter Center Center Centerfor for Information Information Technology Technology Center for Scientific Review
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Proposed Adoption-Level Changes Topic N.J.A.C. Proposed at First Discussion Proposed at Adoption Level Flexibility Program Entry GPA 6A:9-10.1(d)1 “The average cumulative GPA of the accepted cohort of candidates as of September 1, 2015, is at least 3.00…” No change • Cohort average (note: no individual can fall below 2.75) Basic Skills Assessment 6A:9-8.1(a)3 6A:9-8.1(b)7 “After September 1, 2014, achieve a minimum score…” “After September 1, 2015, achieve a minimum score…” 6A:9-10.1(d)2 “Formal admission… granted only if…as of September 1, 2014 all accepted candidates shall have achieved minimum score…” “Formal admission… granted only if…as of September 1, 2015 all accepted candidates shall have achieved minimum score…” • Candidates are waived from this requirement if they have at least: 1 • 1660 combined critical reading, writing, and mathematics score on the SAT • 23 on the ACT • 4.0 on the analytical writing section and a combined score of 310 on the quant. and verbal sections of the GRE Certification GPA 6A:9-8.1(a)2 6A:9-8.1(a)2i 6A:9-8.1(a)2iii “Colleges and universities shall recommend for certification…only students [who] have…achieve(d) a cumulative GPA of at least 3.00…for students graduating after September 1, 2014…” “Colleges and universities shall recommend for certification…only students [who] have…achieve(d) a cumulative GPA of at least 3.00…for students graduating after September 1, 2016…” • Candidate can have as low as 2.75 GPA and receive cert, if they score at least 10% above the passing score on content knowledge assessment (e.g. Praxis II) • Alt route candidate can have as low as 2.75 if they are sponsored by alt route provider (provider can only “sponsor” up to 10% of each cohort) Performancebased assessment 6A:9-10.1(g)3 “…students who graduate after September 1, 2015, shall pass…” “…students who graduate after September 1, 2016, shall pass…” • NA 1: The Department reviewed requests for two other flexibility measures - Praxis II and Accuplacer - but denied requests for those assessments (see explanation on the following slide) 1
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National Institutes of Health Office of Extramural Research Office of the Director National Institute on Aging National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases National Cancer Institute National Institute of Child Health and Human Development National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases National Institute on Drug Abuse National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences National Eye Institute National Institute of General Medical Sciences National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute National Human Genome Research Institute National Institute of Mental Health National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Fogarty International Center National Center for Research Resources National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine NIH Clinical Center Center for Information Technology National Library of Medicine Center for Scientific Review National Institute of Nursing Research National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering No funding authority3
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Organizational Structure of NIH Office of the Director http://www.nih.gov/ic d National Institute on Aging National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases National Cancer Institute National Institute of Child Health and Human Development National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases National Institute on Drug Abuse National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences National Eye Institute National Institute of General Medical Sciences National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute National Human Genome Research Institute National Institute of Mental Health National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke National Institute of Nursing Research National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine Fogarty International Center National Center for Research Resources National Library of Medicine National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering No funding authority 18 18
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Alternative Electoral Systems • On an FTPT (“First-Past-The Post”) ballot, – voters put an “X” beside the name of the candidate they wish to vote for, and – the candidate with the most votes is elected. • On an AV (“Alternative Vote”; known as Instant Runoff Voting [IRV] in US) ballot, voters rank the candidates in order of preference. – If one candidate has a majority of first preferences, that candidate is elected. – If no candidate is supported by a majority of first preferences, • the candidate with the fewest first preferences is eliminated and • his or her ballots are transferred to other candidates on the basis of the second preferences expressed on the ballots for the eliminated candidate. • This process is repeated until one candidate is supported by a majority of ballots and is elected. • “If you like the Alternative Vote, you ought to know about the Coombs rule” (Grofman and Feld, 2004): similar AV but with a different elimination rule: – the candidate with the most last preferences is eliminated. Bernard Grofman and Scott Feld, “If You Like the Alternative Vote (a.k.a. the Instant Runoff), Then You Ought to Know about the Coombs Rule,” Electoral Studies, 2004.
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9.8 public, protected and private Inheritance Base class member access specifier Type of inheritance public inheritance protected inheritance private inheritance public in derived class. Can be accessed directly by any non-static member functions, friend functions and nonmember functions. protected in derived class. Can be accessed directly by all non-static member functions and friend functions. private in derived class. Can be accessed directly by all non-static member functions and friend functions. protected in derived class. Can be accessed directly by all Protected non-static member functions and friend functions. protected in derived class. Can be accessed directly by all non-static member functions and friend functions. private in derived class. Can be accessed directly by all non-static member functions and friend functions. Hidden in derived class. Can be accessed by non-static member functions and friend functions through public or protected member functions of the base class. Hidden in derived class. Can be accessed by non-static member functions and friend functions through public or protected member functions of the base class. Public Private Hidden in derived class. Can be accessed by non-static member functions and friend functions through public or protected member functions of the base class.  2003 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. 83
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11 9.3 Inheritances Base class member access specifier Type of inheritance public inheritance protected inheritance private inheritance public in derived class. Can be accessed directly by any non-static member functions, friend functions and nonmember functions. protected in derived class. Can be accessed directly by all non-static member functions and friend functions. private in derived class. Can be accessed directly by all non-static member functions and friend functions. protected in derived class. Can be accessed directly by all Protected non-static member functions and friend functions. protected in derived class. Can be accessed directly by all non-static member functions and friend functions. private in derived class. Can be accessed directly by all non-static member functions and friend functions. Hidden in derived class. Can be accessed by non-static member functions and friend functions through public or protected member functions of the base class. Hidden in derived class. Can be accessed by non-static member functions and friend functions through public or protected member functions of the base class. Public Private Hidden in derived class. Can be accessed by non-static member functions and friend functions through public or protected member functions of the base class.  2003 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.
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SYSTEMS ANALYSIS AND DESIGN METHODS 5th Edition Whitten Bentley Dittman Primitive DFD (see book for more readable copy) Important to recognize that NOT all events require a primitive DFDInvalid Order to be drawn. This is especially true for the most reportMember writing and inquiry response event processes. Drawing detailed DFDs for such processes is usually little more than “busy work.” Irwin/McGraw-Hill Member ID and Address Member Validate Member Members Updated Member from Order Invalid Member ID Invalid Product ID Ordered Product ID Validate Ordered Product Product Valid Product Ordered Product Quantity Member Order Check Product Availability Products Product Availability Inventory Comittment Available Product Bonus Credits Claimed Product Price Calculate Order Cost Cost to Member Payment Credit Problem and Instruction Relevant Transactions Order to be Filled Member Orders Member Ordered Products Members Credit Details Check Member Credit Confirmed Member Order New Member Order New Member Ordered Products Transactions Order to be Filled Record Order Release Order Packing Order Warehouse Updated Credits Copyright © 2000 The McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights res
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Candidate Progress For every 100 candidates that entered the CFA Program: In 1985 In 1996 27 candidates had earned their charters within 5 years 22 candidates had earned their charters within 5 years Successful candidates average 4 years in the program. CFA Institute
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