Staging (cont’d) Stage 2: Invasive Mucosal tumor Stage IIA: Submucosal layer involvement and 3-6 lymph nodes OR Muscle layer involvement and 1-2 lymph nodes OR Involvement of the sub-serosa Stage IIB: Submucosal layer involvement and 7+ lymph nodes OR Involvement of the sub-serosa and 1-2 lymph nodes OR Serosal involvement Stage 3: Cancer has disseminated to local lymph nodes but not to distant sites. Stage IIIA: Muscle layer involvement and 7+ lymph nodes OR Serosal involvement and 1-2 lymph nodes OR Involvement of the sub-serosa and 3-6 lymph nodes Stage IIIB: Serosal involvement and 3-6 lymph nodes OR Involvement of the sub-serosa and 7+ lymph nodes OR Tumor has spread to nearby organs (e.g., kidney, spleen, pancreas) and 1-2 lymph nodes Stage IIIC: Serosal involvement and 7+ lymph nodes OR Tumor has spread to nearby organs and 3+ lymph nodes Stage 4: Cancer is found at distant sites. 45
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Reflecting Information Record (TO BE COMPLETED BY STUDENT TEACHER) • Beginning teachers undergo a challenging transition from study to professional practice. They assume total responsibility for classroom instruction, management and motivation of students, assessment, interaction with parents, and understanding of total school operation. Preparation of teachers as continuous learners is characterized by skills in becoming reflective and analytical about their behavior and surroundings, instruction and outcomes, combined with development of capabilities to make informed and intelligent decisions. Reflection in teaching is an important theme in teacher education and, however central to practice, must be consciously fostered and practiced. • STUDENT TEACHER: • OBSERVATION NO: • DATE: • Student teacher completes this form for each scheduled formal observation; however, the University Supervisor and the Student Teacher are to discuss the contents of this form. • 1. As you reflect on the lesson, how did it actually unfold as compared to what you had anticipated happening as you did your planning? IIIC • 2. Provide the data/information that you have used to determine your students’ progress toward this lesson’s goals. Include individual and group information. IIIA and IIIC • 3. How will you use your students’ performance today as you envision the next step for these students in learning? IIIC and Planning Domain • 4. If you were to teach this lesson again to these students, what changes would you make? IIIC • 5. As you reflect over this lesson, what ideas or insights are you discovering about your teaching? IIIC • Sample of form is located at http://www.utm.edu/departments/cebs/_pdf/Reflecting_Info.pdf
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ATM - Requirements Document Bank keeps list of accounts. It verifies ID and PIN giving the balance and updates the balance with ID. An account has three data fields; ID, PIN, and balance. ID and PIN are integers and balance is a real number. ATM has 3 service types; withdraw, deposit, and balance check. For each service first it verifies ID and PIN from the bank giving the balance. ATM withdraws an amount with ID and PIN giving the balance in the following sequence. If the amount is less than or equal to the balance then it decreases the balance by the amount. And then it updates the balance in the bank with ID. ATM deposits an amount with ID and PIN giving the balance in the following order. It increases the balance by amount and then updates the balance in the bank with ID. ATM checks the balance with ID and PIN giving the balance. 7
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// Fig. 4.15: Account.cs //A class named Account (Fig. 4.15) maintains the balance of a bank account. // Account class with a constructor to // initialize instance variable balance. public class Account { private decimal balance; // instance variable that stores the balance // constructor public Account( decimal initialBalance ) { Balance = initialBalance; // set balance using property } // end Account constructor // credit (add) an amount to the account public void Credit( decimal amount ) { Balance = Balance + amount; // add amount to balance } // end method Credit // a property to get and set the account balance public decimal Balance { get { return balance; } // end get set { // validate that value is greater than or equal to 0; // if it is not, balance is left unchanged if ( value >= 0 ) balance = value; } // end set } // end property Balance } // end class Account 30
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