Range Size: 1 RANGE ROOT COST a..a a .09 and..and he..he and he .13 .07 I..I I .14 it..it it .07 not..not not .10 not..or not .24 or..or or .07 she..she the..the you..you she the you .07 .15 .11 Range Size: 2 RANGE ROOT COST a..and and .31 and..he and .27 he..I I .28 I..it I .28 it..not not .24 or..she she..the the..you or the the .21 .29 .37 and..I he .61 he..it I .42 I..not it .55 it..or not .38 and..it I .75 he..not I .69 I..or not .73 it..she not .59 not..the or..you or the .78 .72 and..not I 1.02 he..or I .90 I..she not .94 it..the or .99 not..you the 1.02 Range Size: 3 RANGE ROOT COST a..he and .45 not..she or..the she..you or the the .41 .50 .51 Range Size: 4 RANGE ROOT COST a..I and .80 Range Size: 5 RANGE ROOT COST a..it and 1.01 Range Size: 6 RANGE ROOT COST a..not I 1.29 Range Size: 7 and..or not 1.40 he..she not 1.15 Range Size: 8 RANGE ROOT COST CS 340 a..she I 1.78 I..the not 1.38 it..you the 1.27 RANGE ROOT COST a..or I 1.50 Range Size: 9 and..the he..you not not 1.92 2.05 RANGE ROOT COST a..the and..you I not 2.38 2.33 and..she he..the I not 1.59 1.51 I..you not 1.71 Range Size: 10 RANGE ROOT COST a..you I 2.72 Page 12
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MORE CHARTS TYPES Stacked Column Chart 100% Stacked Column Chart 3-D Column Chart Bar Chart Line Chart Area Chart X Y (Scatter) Chart Stock Chart Surface Chart Doughnut Chart Bubble Chart Radar Chart 8
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XP Modify 3-D chart options • A 3-D chart has several options for modifying the 3-D effect. – Perspective is the illusion that parts of the 3-D chart that are farther away from you decrease in size – Elevation is the illusion that you are looking at the 3-D chart from some particular height—either above or below the chart – You may also rotate the 3-D chart to bring different parts of the chart to the forefront • • • Elevation and rotation are options that you can change with the 3-D View dialog box, available from the Chart menu. Excel creates each 3-D chart with a default elevation, rotation and height. To change the appearance of a 3-D chart once you have created one, make sure it is an active chart then click Chart on the menu bar and then click 3-D View. ‫ﴀ‬New Perspectives on Microsoft Office 2003, Premium Edition Excel Tutorial 4 27
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West Allis Industries Example 6.1 West Allis is concerned about their production of a special metal screw used by their largest customers. The diameter of the screw is critical. Data from five samples is shown in the table below. Sample size is 4. Is the process in statistical control? © 2007 Pearson Education
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In the diagramed deal, five diamonds doubled was the contract at both tables. In the other room, North opened two diamonds! After Rengstorff (East) passed, South responded two spades, and Krekorian (West) overcalled three hearts. North was still there with four clubs; East raised to four hearts; South bid five diamonds; West doubled; and all passed. East led the heart king. The best play was to ruff that in hand, play a spade to the ace, ruff a spade, ruff a club and basically continue with a crossruff. That would have led to down one. But North won with dummy’s heart ace and discarded his spade queen. Then he ruffed a heart; ruffed a club, bringing down West’s ace; and cashed the diamond ace, getting the bad news. Now came the spade ace, a heart ruff and a club ruff. At this point, if West had overruffed and cashed his two trump winners, it would have resulted in down three, because East had the club queen. But West, defending carefully, discarded. Declarer could take only one more trick by trumping a card. West then ruffed the club king, drew trumps and claimed down three. In the given auction, Woods (North) bid four no-trump to ask his partner to choose a minor. West led the heart jack. Lev (South) started correctly, ruffing in the dummy, playing a spade to his ace, ruffing a spade, ruffing a club, ruffing a spade and ruffing a club with the diamond nine. West overruffed and returned a heart, South winning with his ace, ruffing the spade six and discarding a heart on the club king. West ruffed to give this position: West correctly led the diamond king, which should have resulted in down two, but when declarer won with his ace and played the spade five, West erred by discarding. Now South could lead another spade and score dummy’s diamond ten with a coup en passant for down one.
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commentary exposition interpretation In the diagramed deal, five diamonds doubled was the contract at both tables. In the other room, North opened two diamonds! After Rengstorff (East) passed, South responded two spades, and Krekorian (West) overcalled three hearts. North was still there with four clubs; East raised to four hearts; South bid five diamonds; West doubled; and all passed. East led the heart king. The best play was to ruff that in hand, play a spade to the ace, ruff a spade, ruff a club and basically continue with a crossruff. That would have led to down one. But North won with dummy’s heart ace and discarded his spade queen. Then he ruffed a heart; ruffed a club, bringing down West’s ace; and cashed the diamond ace, getting the bad news. Now came the spade ace, a heart ruff and a club ruff. At this point, if West had overruffed and cashed his two trump winners, it would have resulted in down three, because East had the club queen. But West, defending carefully, discarded. Declarer could take only one more trick by trumping a card. West then ruffed the club king, drew trumps and claimed down three. In the given auction, Woods (North) bid four no-trump to ask his partner to choose a minor. West led the heart jack. Lev (South) started correctly, ruffing in the dummy, playing a spade to his ace, ruffing a spade, ruffing a club, ruffing a spade and ruffing a club with the diamond nine. West overruffed and returned a heart, South winning with his ace, ruffing the spade six and discarding a heart on the club king. West ruffed to give this position: West correctly led the diamond king, which should have resulted in down two, but when declarer won with his ace and played the spade five, West erred by discarding. Now South could lead another spade and score dummy’s diamond ten with a coup en passant for down one.
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XP Modify a pie chart • • Make the pie chart active and then click Chart on the menu bar. Click Source Data. Edit the series in this dialog box, or click the Collapse Dialog button to temporarily collapse the dialog box so you can drag the pointer over a new range of cells. – Whatever you select will replace the existing range listed in the current data series you are editing • • You can then expand the dialog box again with the Expand Dialog button, make other changes as desired, and click the OK button. To move an embedded chart to a new chart sheet, select the chart, click Chart on the menu bar and click Location. The same dialog box of Step 4 of the Chart Wizard will appear and you can click the option to place the chart as a new sheet and give it a name. ‫ﴀ‬New Perspectives on Microsoft Office 2003, Premium Edition Excel Tutorial 4 18
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Creating Charts XP • A chart, or graph, is a visual representation of a set of data • Select the data source with the range of data you want to chart • In the Charts group on the Insert tab, click a chart type, and then click a chart subtype in the Chart gallery • In the Location group on the Chart Tools Design tab, click the Move Chart button to place the chart in a chart sheet or embed it into a worksheet New Perspectives on Microsoft Office Excel 2007 4
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SAMPLE TITLE FOR PPT POSTER Author Names Department Name University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria Introduction/Background Conclusions • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Methods • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Results • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX •• XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX References Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration
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SAMPLE TITLE FOR PPT POSTER Author Names Department Name University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria Introduction/Background Conclusions • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Methods • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Results • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX •• XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX References Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration
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SAMPLE TITLE FOR PPT POSTER Author Names Department Name University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria Introduction/Background Conclusions • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Methods • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Results • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX •• XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX References Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration
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SAMPLE TITLE FOR PPT POSTER Author Names Department Name University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria Introduction/Background Conclusions • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Methods • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Results • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX •• XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX References Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration
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XP Create 3-D charts • To create a 3-D chart, you may choose to do so during the first step of the Chart Wizard, as three-dimensional charts are sub-types of most other charts, such as the pie chart. • To change a chart to a 3-D chart, select the chart, click Chart on the menu bar, and then click Chart Type. • Choose the 3-D option sub-type of whichever chart type you prefer. • There are also several 3-D charts on the Custom Types tab of the Chart Type dialog box. ‫ﴀ‬New Perspectives on Microsoft Office 2003, Premium Edition Excel Tutorial 4 26
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Adding a 3-D Clustered Column Chart to the Worksheet • With cell A3 selected, position the block plus sign mouse pointer within the cell’s border and drag the mouse pointer to the lower-right corner cell (cell E7) of the range to chart (A3:E7) • Click the Chart Wizard button on the Standard toolbar • When Excel displays the Chart Wizard – Step 1 of 4 – Chart Type dialog box and with Column selected in the Chart style list, click Clustered column with a 3-D visual effect (column 1, row 2) in the Chart sub-type area • Click the Finish button • If the Chart toolbar appears, click its Close button Excel Project 1: Creating a Worksheet and an Embedded Chart 33
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Drawing a 3-D Pie Chart on a Separate Chart Sheet • When Excel draws the chart, click the Move Chart button on the Ribbon to display the Move Chart dialog box • Click the New sheet option button and then type 3-D Pie Chart in the New sheet name textbox • Click the OK button to move the chart to a new chart sheet with the name 3-D Pie Chart Microsoft Office 2007: Introductory Concepts and Techniques - Windows Vista Edition 54
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West Allis Industries R-chart Control Chart Factors Example 6.1 Factor Size of for Sample Charts (n) Factor for UCL Factor for and LCL for LCL for x-Charts R-Charts (A2) (D3) 2 1.880 0 3.267 3 1.023 0 R = 0.0021 2.575 4 0.729 0 D4 = 2.282 2.282 5 0.577 0 UCLR = D4R = 2.282 (0.0021) = 0.00479 in. D3 = 0 2.115 LCLR = D3R 0.483 0 (0.0021) = 0 in. 0 © 2007 Pearson Education 6 2.004 UCL R(D4)
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West Allis Industries x-chart Control Chart Factor Example 6.1 Factor Size of for Sample Charts (n) Factor for UCL Factor for and LCL for LCL for x-Charts R-Charts (A2) (D3) 2 1.880 0 3.267 3 1.023 0 R = 0.0021 A2 = 0.729 =x = 0.5027 2.575 0.729+ 0.729 (0.0021) 0= 0.5042 in. UCLx4= x= + A2R = 0.5027 2.282 = LCLx 5= x - A2R = 0.5027 0.577– 0.729 (0.0021) =0 0.5012 in. © 2007 Pearson Education 2.115 UCL R(D4)
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West Allis Industries Range Chart Example 6.1 © 2007 Pearson Education
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Adding a 3-D Clustered Column Chart to the Worksheet • While continuing to hold down the mouse button, press the ALT key and drag the bottom edge of the chart up to the bottom edge of row 22 and then release the mouse button to resize the chart • Click the More button in the Chart Styles gallery to expand the gallery and point to Style 2 in the gallery (column 2, row 1) • Click Style 2 in the Chart Styles gallery to apply the chart style Style 2 to the chart • Click cell I9 to deselect the chart and complete the worksheet Microsoft Office 2007: Introductory Concepts and Techniques - Windows Vista Edition 47
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West Allis Industries Control Chart Development Example 6.1 0.5027 – 0.5009 = 0.0018 Special Metal Screw Sample Number 1 2 3 4 5 1 0.5014 0.5021 0.5018 0.5008 0.5041 © 2007 Pearson Education Sample 2 3 0.5022 0.5009 0.5041 0.5024 0.5026 0.5035 0.5034 0.5024 0.5056 0.5034 4 0.5027 0.5020 0.5023 0.5015 0.5039 R 0.0018 _ x 0.5018 (0.5014 + 0.5022 + 0.5009 + 0.5027)/4 = 0.5018
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West Allis Industries Completed Control Chart Data Example 6.1 Special Metal Screw Sample Number 1 2 3 4 5 1 0.5014 0.5021 0.5018 0.5008 0.5041 © 2007 Pearson Education Sample 2 3 0.5022 0.5009 0.5041 0.5024 0.5026 0.5035 0.5034 0.5024 0.5056 0.5034 4 0.5027 0.5020 0.5023 0.5015 0.5047 R= R 0.0018 0.0021 0.0017 0.0026 0.0022 0.0021 x= = _ x 0.5018 0.5027 0.5026 0.5020 0.5045 0.5027
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West Allis Industries x-Chart Example 6.1 © 2007 Pearson Education Sample the process Find the assignable cause Eliminate the problem Repeat the cycle
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BASIC CHART TYPES • Pie – Compares parts with the whole • Column – Shows/compares values across different categories • Line charts – Shows trends over time • X-Y Scatter chart – compares pair of values, usually looking for a trend • Other types: Area chart, Stock chart, Surface chart, Doughnut chart, Bubble chart, Radar chart
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SAMPLE TITLE FOR PPT POSTER Author Names Department Name University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria Introduction/Background Conclusions • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Methods • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Results • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX •• XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX References Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration
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SAMPLE TITLE FOR PPT POSTER Author Names Department Name University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria Introduction/Background Conclusions • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Methods • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Results • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX •• XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX References Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration
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SAMPLE TITLE FOR PPT POSTER Author Names Department Name University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria Introduction/Background Conclusions • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Methods • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Results • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX •• XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX References Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration
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SAMPLE TITLE FOR PPT POSTER Author Names Department Name University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria Introduction/Background Conclusions • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Methods • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Results • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX •• XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX References Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration Chart/Graph/Photo/Illustration
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