Empirical Evidence • Boyd (2005) • a “draw of home” tendency • In cities more openings than qualified applicants means the need to import suburban raised teachers. Only lower quality suburban teachers accept • Lower quality of school building, noise, ventilation • In cities higher teacher turnover
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2002: Turnover Rate Numbe r o f Senate Seats Senate Seats Up in 0 2 Senate Preelection Turnover General Election Turnover Total Senate Turnover 2002 Senate Percent Turnover 2002 Number of House Seats House Seats Up in 02 House Preelection Turnover General Election Turnover Total House Turnover 2002 House Percent Turnover 2002 California 40 20 7 0 7 18% 80 80 32 0 32 40% Hawaii 25 25 7 0 7 28% 51 51 10 2 12 24% Oregon 30 15 7 0 7 23% 60 60 16 1 17 28% Washington 49 24 4 2 6 12% 98 98 16   16 16% STATE 1998: STATE Number of Senate Seats Senate Pre-election Turnover Senate Percent Turnover Pre-election1998 Number of House Seats House Preelection Turnover House Percent Turnover Pre-election1998 California 40 11 28% 80 25 31% Hawaii 25 6 24% 51 4 8% Oregon 30 6 20% 60 26 43% Washington 49 2 4% 98 12 12% 1994-96: State California Total Turnover 1994 to 1996 Total Members Percent Total Turnover 1994 to 1996 120 48 40% Hawaii 76 13 17% Oregon 90 29 32% 147 34 23% Washington
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