Introduction How significant are school resources to achievement Education production function Role of: peers, teachers, home environment, curriculum, resources Is there an achievement gap within the US? Inner city v suburban schools? Why? Significance of externality from peers Effect of urban segregation on the gap and the average achievement Sheff v O’Neil and reform measures 
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12 26 11 38 09 29 13 24 33 15 52 35 30 47 32 41 10 48 02 F F M M F F M M F F F M F M F F M M M Suburban Urban Urban Suburban Rural Suburban Rural Urban Urban Rural Suburban Suburban Rural Suburban Rural Suburban Rural Suburban Rural Other Republican Democrat Other Republican Democrat Independent Democrat Democrat Other Republican Other Independent Republican Republican Other Other Republican Democrat 2 2 4 3 6 4 9 3 1 2 0 1 3 6 2 3 3 2 8 34 24 62 44 44 38 47 44 45 56 32 54 41 50 59 44 62 53 59 34,000 30,000 78,000 68,000 29,000 40,000 39,000 60,000 49,000 39,000 33,000 65.000 25,000 61,000 41,000 44,000 45,000 64,000 39,000 5 2 1 7 9 9 6 2 3 8 5 3 7 5 8 3 10 1 8 8 11 18 17 8 9 8 27 9 6 11 14 5 15 8 10 10 13 9 10 15 11 12 27 25 20 4 12 27 15 14 25 15 27 18 23 15 24
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Academic Excellence -- Accreditation School School of of Education Education School School of of Pharmacy Pharmacy Accreditation Accreditation Council Council for for Pharmacy Pharmacy Education Education School of Dental Medicine National National Council Council for for the the Accreditation Accreditation of of Teacher Teacher Education (NCATE) Education (NCATE) National National Association Association of of School School Psychologists Psychologists American American Speech-Language-and-Hearing Speech-Language-and-Hearing Assn. Assn. American American Dental Dental Association Association School School of of Engineering Engineering (ABET) (ABET) Accreditation Accreditation Board Board for for Engineering Engineering Technology Technology American American Council Council for for Construction Construction Education Education 44 44 Baccalaureate Baccalaureate Degree Degree Options Options The The Graduate Graduate School School 45 45 Masters Masters Degrees Degrees Doctoral/Professional Doctoral/Professional Degrees Degrees Pharmacy Pharmacy and and Dental Dental Medicine Medicine Nursing and Education Engineering Nursing and Education Engineering School School of of Nursing Nursing CCNE CCNE Commission Commission on on Collegiate Collegiate Nursing Nursing Education Education College College of ofArts Arts and and Sciences Sciences National NationalAssociation Association of of Schools Schools of of Music, Music, Voice, Voice, and and Piano; Piano; National NationalAssociation Association of of Schools Schools of ofArt Art and and Design; Design; School of Business (AACSB) –Association Association to to American American Chemical Chemical Society; Society; Advance Collegiate Schools of Business Advance Collegiate Schools of Business American AmericanArt Art Therapy; Therapy; Association AssociationAccrediting Accrediting Council Council in in Journalism Journalism and and Mass Mass Communication; Communication; Council Council on on Social Social Work Work Education Education National National Association Association of of Schools Schools of of Public PublicAffairs Affairs and andAdministration; Administration; National NationalAssociation Association of of Schools Schools of of Theatre Theatre
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The Process of A-R Mapping 1. 2. 3. 4. 5/26/2005 Initialization: The agent society  makes a request to the role space  to instantiate the major LeadingRole class defined in the role organization , and create a role instance for it. Role assignment: for each agent  in the agent society , do the following: a. When agent  receives any sensor data from its environment, it may decide to generate some new goals or subgoals based on the sensor data and agent ’s motivations. b. With its reasoning mechanisms, agent  further deduce a set  of needed roles of types defined in the role organization . If none of the roles in set  is of type LeadingRole, go to step 2.d. c. If any role in role set  is a leading role of type LeadingRole, agent  takes the corresponding role instance from the role space , if available, updates the hiring number of other roles as needed, and makes requests to the role space  to create role instances for those roles under hiring. d. Repeat the following for a period of time : Search the role space  for any role instances that match roles in role set . If there is a match, agent  takes that role instance. If all roles in role set  have been matched with some role instances in the role space , go to Step 3. e. If any role in the role set  cannot be matched with a role instance in the role space , agent  may decide to release all role instances or keep its current occupations. Marking role incompatibility: for each agent , mark its role incompatibility as the following: for any role instances r1, r2  .rolesTaken, if .relationship(r1.getClass, r2.getClass) == incompatibility, mark agent  as potential role incompatibility with a self-loop. Setting up interaction relationships: for each agent , set up the interaction relationship between agent  and other agents from the same agent society  as the following : for any agent instance   .agentInstances, where   , if  r1  .rolesTaken, r2  .rolesTaken such that .relationship(r1.getClass, r2.getClass) == association, then (, )  dom .interaction. CIS Dept., UMass Dartmouth 14
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The Process of A-R Mapping 1. 2. 3. 4. Initialization: The agent society  makes a request to the role space  to instantiate the major LeadingRole class defined in the role organization , and create a role instance for it. Role assignment: for each agent  in the agent society , do the following: a. When agent  receives any sensor data from its environment, it may decide to generate some new goals or subgoals based on the sensor data and agent ’s motivations. b. With its reasoning mechanisms, agent  further deduce a set  of needed roles of types defined in the role organization . If none of the roles in set  is of type LeadingRole, go to step 2.d. c. If any role in role set  is a leading role of type LeadingRole, agent  takes the corresponding role instance from the role space , if available, updates the hiring number of other roles as needed, and makes requests to the role space  to create role instances for those roles under hiring. d. Repeat the following for a period of time : Search the role space  for any role instances that match roles in role set . If there is a match, agent  takes that role instance. If all roles in role set  have been matched with some role instances in the role space , go to Step 3. e. If any role in the role set  cannot be matched with a role instance in the role space , agent  may decide to release all role instances or keep its current occupations. Marking role incompatibility: for each agent , mark its role incompatibility as the following: for any role instances r1, r2  .rolesTaken, if .relationship(r1.getClass, r2.getClass) == incompatibility, mark agent  as potential role incompatibility with a self-loop. Setting up interaction relationships: for each agent , set up the interaction relationship between agent  and other agents from the same agent society  as the following : for any agent instance   .agentInstances, where   , if  r1  .rolesTaken, r2  .rolesTaken such that .relationship(r1.getClass, r2.getClass) == association, then (, )  dom .interaction. 10/21/2005 CIS Dept., UMass Dartmouth 17
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Hypotheses Result Description 1. x 0 L An increase in population will increase urban extent and urban expansion. 2. x 0 y An increase in household income will increase urban extent and urban expansion. 3. x 0 t An increase in transportation costs will reduce urban extent and limit urban expansion. 4. x 0 rA 5. x 0 H l 6. x 0  7. x 0 f l 8. x 0 w An increase in the opportunity cost of non-urban land will reduce urban extent and limit urban expansion. An increase in the marginal productivity of land in housing production will cause urban expansion. An increase in the share of land available for housing development will increase urban extent and urban expansion. An increase in marginal productivity of land in production of the export good will increase urban extent and urban expansion. An increase in the world price of the export good will increase urban extent and urban expansion.
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Title The lived experiences of high school principals implementing the core principles of high school reform Purpose To describe the lived experiences of select principals in a large urban school district in southeastern Florida who applied transformational leadership to implement the core principles of high school reform and redesign in an urban school setting. Example 1 Hall (2017) ONE overarching question What are the lived experiences of high school principals implementing the core principles of high school reform and redesign? FOUR supporting research questions 1. What are the leadership characteristics of high school principals who implemented the core principles of high school reform and redesign? 2. What is the high school principals’ knowledge of the core principles of high school reform and redesign and how are they important to the daily work? 3. What are the educational leadership practices of high school principals who implemented the core principles in developing and retaining qualified teachers and improving best practices in the classroom? 4. What are the educational leadership practices of the principals in establishing shared leadership with their staff to implement the core principles of high school reform and redesign? Summer Institute 2018, 13 - 15 July 2018
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