Akers’s Social Learning Theory Key Concepts Definitions of Concepts 1. Differential Association The process through which individuals are exposed to definitions favorable and unfavorable to illegal or law-abiding behavior. The direct association and interactions with others who engage in certain kinds of behavior, as well as the indirect association and identification with more distant reference groups. The different patterns of norms and values to which an individual is exposed through this association. A person’s own attitudes or meanings that are attached to a given behavior. That is, definitions are orientations, rationalizations, definitions of the situation, and other evaluative and moral attitudes that define the commission of an act as right or wrong, good or bad, desirable or undesirable, justified or unjustified. The more a person’s definitions approve of an act, the greater the chances are that the act will be committed. General definitions are broad attitudes that approve of conventional behavior and disapprove of criminal behavior (e.g., moral beliefs from religion). Specific definitions define certain acts as wrong (e.g., killing a person) and other acts as permissible (e.g., stealing a person’s computer). Negative definitions disapprove of a behavior. Positive definitions define the behavior as desirable or wholly permissible. Neutralizing definitions define an act as wrong but justify and thus permit the behavior “given the situation.” Modeling—person engages in behavior after observing similar behavior in others. The balance of anticipated or actual rewards and punishments that follow or are the consequence of behavior. Most reinforcements leading to crime are social. A. Interactional dimension: B. Normative dimension: 2. Definitions A. General vs. specific B. Negative, positive, and neutralizing 3. Imitation 4. Differential Reinforcement
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Organizational Behavior • Organizational Behavior  The study of actions that affect performance in the workplace.  The goal of organizational behavior theorists is to explain and predict actions and how they will affect performance.  The field of organizational behavior has three levels of focus: the individual, the group, and the organization.  Individual behavior-3 things-personality, perception, and attitudes Copyright © 2009 South-Western/Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 8–2
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Roadmap Week 1: Intro to MIS • What is MIS? Week 2: Systems Analysis Week 3: Systems Analysis Week 4: Systems Analysis • Swimlanes • ERDs • Decision Trees • Architecture Diagrams • Max Labs 0 Week 6: Organizational Systems Week 7: Organizational Systems Week 8: Organizational Systems • ERP • Learn IT! #1 • Decision Support • Knowledge Mgmt • SDLC • Digital Innovation • Max Labs 1a & 1b Week 5 • Exam #1 Week 9 • Exam #2 Week 10: Organizational Systems Week 11: Organizational Systems Week 12: Organizational Systems Week 13: Organizational Systems • Supply Chain Management Systems • • Customer Relationship Management Systems • Platforms • Cloud Computing • Max Labs 3a & 3b • Artificial Intelligence Week 14 • Exam #3 Prep • Learn IT! #2
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