V. PREFERENTIAL INVESTMENT B. THROUGH SIBLICIDE MORE AGGRESSIVE INDIVIDUALS IN NEST ACTIVELY KILL SIBLINGS IS THIS A PARENTAL STRATEGY???? e.g., Boobies *masked boobies: exhibit early siblicide -in these species, asynchronous egg-laying female lays first egg then incubates female lays second egg then incubates first egg hatches first, so young will be larger than second chick -first chick eventually pushes second chick out of nest where it dies *blue-footed boobies: no early siblicide Will cross fostering result in different rates of early siblicide? SO PARENTS CAN (AND DO) INTERFERE
View full slide show




Measurements of the COOA time series Discrete samples Nutrients DOC POC HPLC f-CHL Methane Other Trace Gasses TSS DIC Alkalinity Continuous Measurements Parameter Instrument Temperature SBE 45 Salinity SBE 45 Nitrate ISUS f-chl WetLabs WetStar f-dom WetLabs WetStar c-660 WetLabs C-Star pCO2 LiCOR - 6262 Oxygen SeaBird SBE 43 Oxygen Anderra pH Rosemont flo-cell Profiles Parameter Temperature Salinity f-chl f-dom Absorption Scattering Oxygen Backscatter Measurements used in this project Instrument SBE SBE WetLabs ECO WetLabs ECO WetLabs ac-S WetLabs ac-S SeaBird SBE 43 WetLabs ECO-BB
View full slide show




26. Seabird chick
View full slide show




Nutritional Dietary Customs & Restrictions • Food: means of survival • Choices may be dictated by cultural practices • Eating has social meaning relates to communal togetherness, reward, celebration, punishment relief of stress • Religious beliefs-practices may impose rules and restrictions based fasting & food preferences • Nutrition Notes: dietary changes when move or changes made-some traditional foods less eaten; adopt American diet-sugar, salt, fat, calories-less fruits, fiber, vegetables eaten • Hispanics/central America: drink atole-heated mixture of masa harina (corn meal); Piloncillo (Mexican brn sugar-cin, vanilla choc or fruit-trad celebration & comfort • African Americans: may include greens, grits, corn bread, & beanscooked in fat-Southern roots • Asian Americans: rice & rice noodles, mixtures of beef, chick, fish, soybean products, boychoy cabbage, bean sprouts-flavors with-MSG, soy, oster, bean & fish sauce, peppers-foods salty & spicy • Native Americans: fry bread from corn, meat, fish, chick, pigs, cattle
View full slide show




Consumer Standpoint • Chick-Fil-A Drive-Through Model: Just like in a Chick-Fil-A drive through, there will be physical people with iPads taking orders directly from customers during rush hours (12pm-2pm, 4pm-6pm). During the open periods of time, iPads will be stationed outside of the food truck, letting people order what they want. After each interaction, whether it’s with a person or not, a very short survey will pop up. If completed, the customer will receive either a coupon or a chance to win something. A short survey will also appear after each mobile order as well.
View full slide show




Chick color affects parental feeding in mixed broods of coots Control broods were unaltered (orange) or had orange feathers trimmed (black) Experimental broods had 1/2 orange, 1/2 black chicks Chick color likely indicates offspring health
View full slide show




ISLANDER DINING • 8 Dining Locations and 15 Dining Options – Featuring: • • • • • • • • • • Islander Dining Hall Chick-N-Grill Starbucks Subway Panda Express Pizza Hut Chick-fil-a Einstein’s Bros. Bagels Islander Food Truck And many more!
View full slide show




Output Nuggets Apple Cider public class TestEdible { public static void main(String[] args) { Object[] objs = {new Tiger(), new Chick(), new Apple() }; for (int i=0; i
View full slide show




Example 1.2 Finding the speed of a seabird Albatrosses are seabirds that spend most of their lives flying over the ocean looking for food. With a stiff tailwind, an albatross can fly at high speeds. Satellite data on one particularly speedy albatross showed it 60 miles east of its roost at 3:00 PM and then, at 3:15 PM, 80 miles east of its roost. What was its velocity? © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 1-3
View full slide show




Example 1.2 Finding the speed of a seabird (cont.) PREPARE The statement of the problem provides us with a natural coordinate system: We can measure distances with respect to the roost, with distances to the east as positive. With this coordinate system, the motion of the albatross appears as in FIGURE 1.18. The motion takes place between 3:00 and 3:15, a time interval of 15 minutes, or 0.25 hour. SOLVE We know the initial and final positions, and we know the time interval, so we can calculate the velocity: © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 1-4
View full slide show




Example 3.8 Speed of a seabird Researchers doing satellite tracking of albatrosses in the Southern Ocean observed a bird maintaining sustained flight speeds of 35 m/s—nearly 80 mph! This seems surprisingly fast until you realize that this particular bird was flying with the wind, which was moving at 23 m/s. What was the bird’s airspeed —its speed relative to the air? This is a truer measure of its flight speed. © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 2-4
View full slide show




Example 3.8 Speed of a seabird (cont.) PREPARE FIGURE 3.27 shows the wind and the albatross moving to the right, so all velocities will be positive. We’ve shown the velocity (vx)bw of the bird with respect to the water, which is the measured flight speed, and the velocity (vx)aw of the air with respect to the water, which is the known wind speed. We want to find the bird’s airspeed—the speed of the bird with respect to the air. © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 2-5
View full slide show




Example 3.8 Speed of a seabird (cont.) SOLVE We’ve noted three different velocities that are important in the problem: (vx)bw, (vx)aw, and (vx)ba. We can combine these in the usual way: (vx)bw = (vx)ba + (vx)aw Then, to solve for (vx)ba, we can rearrange the terms: (vx)ba = (vx)bw  (vx)aw = 35 m/s  23 m/s = 12 m/s ASSESS 12 m/s—about 25 mph—is a reasonable airspeed for a bird. And it’s slower than the observed flight speed, which makes sense because the bird is flying with the wind. © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 2-6
View full slide show




Objectives • Use of temperature, calculated salinity and pressure data from CTD Seabird SBE 911Plus casts to calculate Geostrophic currents along transects and Dynamic Height Anomaly at levels • Plot ADCP current data perpendicular to cruise track • Obtain satellite and model products
View full slide show




Introduction • Data Sets: March 1998 and January 2006 • March 1998: return to normal • January 2006: possible return of La Nina • California Cooperative Fisheries Investigations (CalCOFI) Line 67 • Equipment – SeaBird CTD
View full slide show




$300 Answer from Ads What is Chick-fil-A?
View full slide show




$300 Answer from Ads What is Chick-fil-A?
View full slide show




P(“female” chick is actually female) = 0.9 We selected 4 chicks (from ~1000 in the store)
View full slide show




Binomial Random Variables Binomial experiments have… 1) …a fixed number of independent trials… For this exercise, it’s the 4 chicks (arguably independent). 2) a) …two mutually exclusive outcomes per trial… A chick is either male or female. b) …with constant, complementary probabilities from trial to trial. P(female) = 0.9 P(male) = 0.1
View full slide show




Today is DAY 10 • In 10 Days an embryonic Chick goes from nothing to this: HAVE YOU DEVELOPED AS MUCH IN the LAST 10 Days???
View full slide show




Compound Adjectives • Do not hyphenate the words when they come after the noun they modify • Notice the difference in these examples Brad was well known along the boardwalk (no hyphen) His SUV was fully equipped Brad worked full time on his tan Brad was a well-known jerk (hyphenated) He drove a fully-equipped SUV Brad was a full-time chick magnet
View full slide show




• Comparative embryology – Reveals additional anatomical homologies not visible in adult organisms Pharyngeal pouches Post-anal tail Chick embryo Figure 22.15 Human embryo
View full slide show




Language and Gender – Pejorative Terms • How many words can you think of for men? • How many for women? – Among those the book identifies are: Dish, tomato, piece, chick, piece of tail, bunny, bitch, doll, slut, cow, etc. • Why are there so many more for women?
View full slide show




Parasite young often have great impact on host RS  QuickTime™ and a Cinepak decompressor are needed to see this picture. cuckoo ejects host young cowbird and wren chicks honeyguide chick
View full slide show




“Arms race” Defenses against parasitism       Attack parasite adults Desert or bury nest Reject parasite egg Low intra-clutch variation Reject foreign young Coot attacking foreign coot chick
View full slide show




Chick mimicry relatively rare Mouthpart and body mimicry  host parasite host parasite
View full slide show




Anatomy of a Promotion Campaign Beyond the Book The role of promotion is to inform, persuade, and remind. Chick-FilA’s popular “Eat Mor Chikin” cows have the been the subject of outdoor advertising, television advertising, and even a yearly calendar that contains over $20 worth of coupons for free food. LO8 47
View full slide show




Recap Bayes Text classification Naive NB t heory Evaluation of TC Topic classification γ(d ′) = China r egions classes : trainin g set: indust r ies subj ect ar eas UK Chin a poultry coffe e congest ion Ol y mpic f eed r oast ing r ecount diamond chick en beans vot es basebal l L ondon s elections sports Beij ing Par l iament t our ism B ig B en Gr eat Wal l pat e ar abica seat f or war d ducks r obust a r un-of f soccer W indsor M ao bir d f l u K enya T V ads t he Queen communist t ur k ey har v est campaign Schu¨ tze: Text classification & Naive d′ tes t set : f ir st pr ivat e Chinese air l ine t eam capt ain 13 / 58
View full slide show




Recap Text classification Naive Bayes NB t heory Evaluation of TC Evaluation on Reuters γ(d ′) = China r egions classes : trainin g set: indust r ies subj ect ar eas UK Chin a poultry coffe e congest ion Ol y mpic f eed r oast ing r ecount diamond chick en beans vot es basebal l L ondon s elections sports Beij ing Par l iament t our ism B ig B en Gr eat Wal l pat e ar abica seat f or war d ducks r obust a r un-of f soccer W indsor M ao bir d f l u K enya T V ads t he Queen communist t ur k ey har v est campaign Schu¨ tze: Text classification & Naive d′ tes t set : f ir st pr ivat e Chinese air l ine t eam capt ain 49 / 58
View full slide show




In “Don’t Blame the Eater,” David Zinczenko argues that fast-food companies might need to accept some of the blame for today’s obesity epidemic, just as tobacco companies have had to shoulder some of the blame for tobacco-related illnesses. Given the dominance of fast-food chains, he suggests that since teens don’t really have any alternatives, fast-food restaurants have a responsibility to offer some healthy alternatives to their standard burger-and-pizza fare. So – does Zinczenko have a valid point? Probably not. Sure, if McDonalds were really the only game in town, then they would surely have a responsibility to offer more than just burgers and fries. But despite the fact that almost every town in America has at least one McDonalds – or so it seems, anyway – Ronald McDonald, his royal competitor, and their multitude of cholesterolraising colleagues are not the only option available to America’s impressionable youth. If I drive just one traffic light down from my local McDonalds, for example, I can get grilled chicken at Chick-fil-a or a low-fat sandwich at Subway. If I drive two blocks past Burger King, I can get a soup and salad at Atlanta Bread Company or a veggie stir-fry at one of several take-out places. America wanted healthy options, and the market replied.
View full slide show




In “Don’t Blame the Eater,” David Zinczenko argues that fast-food companies might need to accept some of the blame for today’s obesity epidemic, just as tobacco companies have had to shoulder some of the blame for tobacco-related illnesses. Given the dominance of fast-food chains, he suggests that since teens don’t really have any alternatives, fast-food restaurants have a responsibility to offer some healthy alternatives to their standard burger-and-pizza fare. So – does Zinczenko have a valid point? Probably not. Sure, if McDonalds were really the only game in town, then they would surely have a responsibility to offer more than just burgers and fries. But despite the fact that almost every town in America has at least one McDonalds – or so it seems, anyway – Ronald McDonald, his royal competitor, and their multitude of cholesterolraising colleagues are not the only option available to America’s impressionable youth. If I drive just one traffic light down from my local McDonalds, for example, I can get grilled chicken at Chick-fil-a or a low-fat sandwich at Subway. If I drive two blocks past Burger King, I can get a soup and salad at Atlanta Bread Company or a veggie stir-fry at one of several take-out places. America wanted healthy options, and the market replied. “But Zinczenko wrote his article in 2002,” you might be saying, “and these healthy alternatives were not available then.” And you’d be right. Back at the turn of the century, things were starting to get out of hand, and Zinczenko was on target with his observation that “the [fast food] industry is vulnerable.” But before things went too far, the industry heard, and they responded. Competition worked. The problem might not have totally disappeared, but that teenager with a big hunger and a small wallet has lots more options today than were available when Zinczenko was a kid.
View full slide show