Overfished Stocks (47) – as of September 30, 2010 New England: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. North Pacific: 1. Blue King Crab – Pribilof Islands Atlantic Cod – Georges Bank Yellowtail Flounder – Georges Bank Yellowtail Flounder – Southern New England/Middle Atlantic Yellowtail Flounder – Cape Cod/Gulf of Maine White Hake Winter Flounder - Southern New England / Mid-Atlantic Ocean Pout Atlantic Halibut Windowpane - Gulf of Maine / Georges Bank Winter flounder - Georges Bank Witch flounder - Northwestern Atlantic Coast Smooth Skate 14. Thorny Skate Atlantic Salmon1 15. Atlantic Wolffish - Gulf of Maine / Georges Bank1 Highly Migratory Species: 1. Blue Marlin – Atlantic2 2. White Marlin – Atlantic2 3. Albacore – North Atlantic2 4. Bluefin Tuna – West Atlantic2 5. Sandbar Shark Mid-Atlantic: 6. Porbeagle Shark 1. Butterfish (Atlantic) 7. Dusky Shark 8. Blacknose Shark ific: Cowcod Yelloweye Rockfish Canary rockfish - Pacific Coast Petrale sole – Pacific Coast Coho salmon - Washington Coast: Queets1 Coho salmon - Washington Coast: Western Strait of Juan de Fuca1 Chinook salmon - California Central Valley: Sacramento (fall)1 Gulf of Mexico: Western Pacific 3/27/19 1. Seamount Groundfish Complex – Hancock Seamount U.S. Department of Commerce National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration South Atlantic: 1. Red Snapper 2. Greater Amberjack 3. Gray Triggerfish 4. Gag 1. Indicates non-FSSI stock 2. Stock is fished by U.S. and International fleets. 1. Pink Shrimp 2. Snowy Grouper 3. Black Sea Bass 4. Red Porgy 5. Red Snapper 6. Red Grouper Caribbean: 1. Grouper Unit 1 2. Grouper Unit 2 3. Grouper Unit 4 4. Queen Conch National Marine Fisheries Service Office of Sustainable Fisheries 13
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22. Yellowtail Rockfish
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LIVES of TOM and SUSIE YELLOWTAIL Apsáalooke (Crow) of 1970s as Sundance chief and Akbaalía, as Baptist, as nurse, as healer, on Presidential-appointed councils Tom and Susie Yellowtail, Wyola. Photo: Frey 1974 6
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Stocks “Subject to Overfishing” (40) – as of September 30, 2010 New England: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Cod – Gulf of Maine Cod – Georges Bank Yellowtail flounder – Southern New England/Middle Atlantic Yellowtail flounder – Cape Cod/Gulf of Maine White Hake Winter Flounder – Georges Bank Winter Flounder – Southern New England/Middle Atlantic Windowpane - Gulf of Maine / Georges Bank Windowpane - Southern New England / Mid-Atlantic Witch Flounder - Northwestern Atlantic Coast Highly Migratory Species: Pacific: 1.Yellowfin Tuna – Eastern Pacific2 1. Blue Marlin – Atlantic2 2. White Marlin – Atlantic2 3. Sailfish – West Atlantic2 4. Albacore – North Atlantic2 5. Bluefin Tuna – West Atlantic2 6. Sandbar Shark 7. Dusky Shark 8. Blacknose Shark 9. Shortfin Mako - Atlantic Pacific and Western Pacific 1. Bigeye Tuna – Pacific2 2. Pacific bluefin tuna – Pacific2 South Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico: 1. Red Snapper 2. Greater Amberjack 3. Gag 4. Gray Triggerfish 1. Indicates non-FSSI stock U.S. Department of Commerce National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Marine Fisheries Service Office of Sustainable Fisheries 2. Stock is fished by U.S. and International fleets. Blue = Also Overfished 1. Vermilion Snapper 2. Red Snapper 3. Snowy Grouper 4. Tilefish 5. Red Grouper 6. Black Sea Bass 7. Gag 8. Speckled Hind 9. Warsaw Grouper Caribbean: 1. Snapper Unit 1 2. Grouper Unit 1 3. Grouper Unit 4 4. Queen Conch 5. Parrotfishes1 11
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18. Blue Rockfish
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20. Juvenile Blue Rockfish
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34. Blue Rockfish
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TOM YELLOWTAIL OFFERING A PRAYER Tom offering prayer at the Sundance. Pryor. 1974 7
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BIOMEDICAL and SUNDANCE WAYS traveling the distinct healing spokes: reclining with an IV of stem cells, dancing with Buffalo Spirit Receiving the stem cells, Seattle. Photo: Kris Roby 2009 The Buffalo and Eagle being blessed before the start of the Sundance, Gordon Plain Bull and Tom Yellowtail. Pryor 1974 14
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TOM ATTENDING TO HIS CHORES “as if we’d known each other for years,” yet so fundamentally different, so little in common Tom Yellowtail, Wyola. Photo: Joseph Epes Brown, circa 1970s how can two people so different, relate so effortlessly? 19
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BAAÉECHICHIWAAU “re-telling one’s own” act of telling of Coyote or of one’s own life-defining events a gift received, now re-told, gifted to you power of story a language of our shared humanity, our hub/rim Tom Yellowtail, retelling a favorite story, with his great grandkids, at his cabin, east of Wyola. Photo: Frey 1993 bridging what can divide the spokes, the “mutually exclusive” 20
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Recent Research: Finfish • Use of freeze-dried krill for feed training of largemouth bass (Kubitza and Lovshin, 1997) • Use of inosine-5-monophosphate as a feed enhancer (Kubitza et al., 1997) • Use of krill hydrolysate as a feed attractant (Kolkovski et al., 2000) • Improved growth and performance of striped bass fed a plant feedstuff-based diet (Papatryphon and Soares, 2000) • Feeding stimulants for young yellowtail (Hidaka et al., 2001) • Effect of feeding stimulants on diet preference by juvenile gibel carp (Xue and Cui, 2001)
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Table 8.4: Guillaume, et al. Suggested max carbs in various fish spp. Spp. % Dietary Carb Salmonids (trout, salmon, char) 25-30 Cyprinids (carp, loach, minnows) 40-45 Siluriformes (catfish) 30-35 Cichlid (tilapia) 35-40 Sea bass 25-30 Red Drum 20-25 Yellowtail 10-15
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