Reduced Representation • Bederson, “Image browsing” • Rui, Anusha
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Assignment • Thurs: Document Collections • Bederson, “Image Browsing” » Rui, anusha • Card, “Web Book and Web Forager” » mrinmayee, ming • Demo your hw3: tues or thurs
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National Science Foundation (NSF) • Research in Undergraduate Institutions (RUI)  Principal difference between RUI proposals and “regular” NSF proposals is the additional requirement that RUI proposals must include an RUI impact statement that describes the expected effects of the proposed research on the research and educational environment of the institution.
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RUI • Program Goals: – To support high quality research with active involvement of undergraduates. – To strengthen the research environment in undergraduate institutions. – To promote integration of research and education in undergraduate institutions. • Proposal Types: – Regular research – Research opportunity awards (ROA) - great opportunity for PUI faculty • Eligibility Information: – Institutions that award an average of 10 or fewer Ph.D. or D.Sc. Degrees per year in all NSF-supportable disciplines are eligible  RUI Certification – 5-page RUI Impact Statement • No fenced funds – Compete against non-RUI proposals in specific programs – Important to consult Program Officer before submitting 36
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1. Increasing GHG 1 Reduced T/∂(latitude) Warmer Tropical Tropopause 8. Moister Stratosphere + more abundant, thicker PSCs  reduced T/∂(latitude) 7. Moister Stratosphere + Cooler Polar Stratosphere  More abundant, thicker PSCs 6. Warmer Tropical Tropopause  Moister Stratosphere 2. Reduced T/∂(latitude)  Reduced Generation of Planetary and Gravity Waves 3. Reduced Wave Activity  Reduced Propagation of Waves into the Stratosphere 4. Reduced Propagation of Waves into the Stratosphere  Reduced Stratospheric Overturning 5. Reduced Stratospheric Overturning  Warmer Tropical Tropopause  Colder Polar Stratosphere
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Effects of Marijuana Negative Effects: lung damage Impaired tracking ability memory loss reduced locomotor activity hypothermia hypoalgesia adversely affect cognitive function anxiety or paranoia decreased sperm cell count altering of mood addiction like properties tolerance formation desensitization of receptors Amotivational syndrome Gateway drug? Positive Effects: reduced nausea reduced pain reduced MS spasticity reduced symptoms of GI tract disorders reduced cancer formation reduced symptoms of neurodegenerative disorders reduced symptoms of psychiatric disorders CB1 antagonists can reduce obesity fear alleviation Hippocampal CB1 receptors are responsible for memory impairment
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Positive Effects of Marijuana • reduced nausea • reduced pain • reduced MS spasticity • reduced symptoms of GI tract disorders • reduced cancer formation • reduced symptoms of neurodegenerative disorders • reduced symptoms of psychiatric disorders • CB1 antagonists can reduce obesity • Increased fear alleviation
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Representation (2)  Representation is formal – not to be confused with a logical/canonical representation.  Attempt is made to represent the text, and augment/refine the representation as part of the inference process.  The skeleton of the representation is a predicate-argument representation learned based on PropBank (the semantic role labelling task).  Resources used to Resources used to augment the Rewrite/Refine representation: and for Subsumption         Segmentation; tokenization;  Wordnet Lemmatizer;POS tagger  Dirt paraphrase rules Shallow Parser (Lin) Syntactic parser (Collins;Charniak)  Word clusters (Lin) Named entity tagger  Ad hoc modules (later) Entity identification. (co-Reference) ouse machine learning based tools [http://L2R.cs.uiuc.edu/~cog Page 26
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Current Changes in Retirement Age and Service (A) (current) Benefit Formula (B) (current) General General Unreduced - 30 years/ any age, or age 65 w/5 yrs of service Unreduced - 2.2% x FAS for first 30 yrs of service, 2.5% thereafter COLA (C) (current) Percentage - 3% simple COLA FAS (F) (current) 3 year FAS Timing - COLA begins 12 months after retirement Reduced - age 55 w/25 yrs of service, or age 60 w/5 yrs of service Law Unreduced - age 48 w/25 yrs of service, or age 62 w/15 yrs of service Law Unreduced - 2.5% x FAS for the first 25 yrs of service; 2.1% thereafter Reduced - age 52 w/15 yrs of service Reduced - age 52 and 15 yrs of service 1.5% x FAS x yrs of service Public Safety Unreduced - age 52 w/25 yrs of service or age 62 w/15 yrs of service Public Safety Unreduced - 2.5% x FAS for the first 25 yrs of service; 2.1% thereafter Reduced - age 48 w/25 yrs of service, or Reduced - age 52 and 15 yrs of service age 52 w/15 yrs of service 1.5% x FAS x yrs of service Reduced - age 48 and 25 yrs of service 17
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Age & Service Eligibility CURRENT General Unreduced – any age/30 years of service or age 65/5 yrs Reduced - age 55/25 yrs of service or age 60 w/5 yrs Law Unreduced - age 48/25 yrs of service or age 62/15 yrs Reduced - age 52/15 yrs Public Safety Unreduced - age 52/25 yrs of service or age 62/15 yrs Reduced - age 48/25 yrs or age 52 /15 yrs PROPOSED General Unreduced - age 55/32 yrs of service or age 67/5 yrs Reduced – age 57/25 yrs of service or age 62/5yrs Law Unreduced -age 50/25 yrs of service or age 64/15 yrs Reduced - age 48/25 yrs or age 54/15 yrs Public Safety Unreduced - age 54/25 yrs or 64/15 yrs Reduced - age 50/25 yrs or 54/15 yrs 19
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Advanced Technologies and Smart Cities Technology convergence will revolutionize transportation, dramatically improving safety and mobility while reducing costs and environmental impacts Connected Connected Vehicles Vehicles Benefits Vehicle Vehicle Automation Automation Connected-Automated Vehicles Internet Internet of of Things Things Machine Machine Learning Learning Big Big Data Data Mobility Mobility on on Demand Demand Smart Cities •• Order Order of of magnitude magnitude safety safety improvements improvements •• Reduced Reduced congestion congestion •• Reduced Reduced emissions emissions and and use of fossil fuels use of fossil fuels •• Improved Improved access access to to jobs jobs and services and services •• Reduced Reduced transportation transportation costs costs for for gov’t gov’t and and users users •• Improved Improved accessibility accessibility and and mobility mobility
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Urban vs. Rural Representation • 1953 electoral law – urban representation 8 times that of rural representation • 1995 revision – urban representation 4 times that of rural representation • 2010 revision – equal representation
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DFT in a Plane Wave Basis  Construct the real space representation of the density, n(r) : –Use 3D-FFTs to convert g-space representation of each state to its r-space representation on a discrete grid of points. –Modulus square each state in real space and sum to obtain n(r). Construct the g-space representation of the density, n(g): –Use a 3D-FFT of n(r) to compute n(g). This procedure is exact for a finite plane wave basis. Using n(r) : –Compute the exchange correlation energy using trapezoidal rule integration (not exact). –Compute the exchange correlation potential to the r-space representation of the KS potential. Using n(g) : –Compute the local electron-ion interaction (exact). –Compute the Hartree energy (exact). –Add the e-atom and Hartree contributions to the g-space representation of the exchange correlation potential.
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National Science Foundation (NSF) • Research in Undergraduate Institutions (RUI)  The overriding purpose of RUI is the support of faculty research which maintains faculty members’ intellectual vibrancy in the classroom and research community  Support high-quality research by faculty members at PUIs  Strengthen the research environment in academic departments that are oriented primarily toward undergraduate instruction  Promote the integration of research and education
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Project Summary Limited to one page, character limit is 4,600 characters Audience: General, not specialized. Must include • Overview, • Intellectual merit, and • broader impact. Samples: http://www.uww.edu/Documents/urp/rui/ProjectSummaryfromRUI2101-MW.pdf http://www.uww.edu/Documents/urp/rui/ProjectSummary-KC.pdf
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Offers Business Advantages • Lower hardware costs • Lower utility bills, including costs for running computers, air conditioning, and heating • Reduced staff costs • Reduced costs for space • Reduced software development costs • Reduced software implementation costs • Reduced costs for implementing systems on new hardware • More disaster recovery options MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646) 17
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Models and mechanisms by which poverty influences relational health and school readiness Ecological Factors Parent Investment Model Family Resource Limitations Low money, time Low human capital, Lower literacy Low neighborhood resources • • • Relational Health Proximal Family Assets/ Vulnerabilities Reduced Parenting Assets • Fewer learning materials • Reduced planning/ organization (Parenting Practices, Relationship Quality) • • Reduced verbal responsivity Reduced reading aloud play School Readiness ↓ Cognition/ Language ↓ Selfregulation Poverty Family Stress Model • • • • Family Stressors Marital discord Overcrowding / noise / chaos Low social support Discrimination Increased Psychosocial Stressors/Vulnerabilities • Parenting stress • Depressive symptoms • • Reduced warmth, contingent sensitivity Increased coercive, harsh, rejecting ↓ Social emotional
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Refolding of reduced RfBP in the absence of QSOX Symbol Reduced RfBP incubated with riboflavin in the presence of…  redox buffer of GSH/GSSG ⏏ redox buffer, reduced PDI  redox buffer, reduced PDI, QSOX  QSOX, reduced PDI
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Cortland County Federal Free / Reduced Lunch (January 14, 2015) Percentages District Cortland Enrollment Free Reduced Paid 2989 1169 Cincinnatus 601 286 40 DeRuyter 427 187 27 2116 697 Marathon 731 274 83 McGraw 583 256 37 Homer County Total 7447 2869 197 1623 Free Reduced Paid Total F/RPL 39.1% 6.6% 54.3% 45.7% 275 47.6% 6.7% 45.8% 54.2% 213 43.8% 6.3% 49.9% 50.1% 154 1265 32.9% 7.3% 59.8% 40.2% 374 37.5% 11.4% 51.2% 48.8% 290 43.9% 6.3% 49.7% 50.3% 538 4040 38.5% 7.2% 54.3% 45.7% 2014-15 School Year more than 45% of all students were eligible for free/reduced price lunches in Cortland County Free Lunch- up to 130% of FPL Reduced Price Lunch – 130% to 185% of FPL
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Increasing chip productivity & performance • Scaling down feature size • Increasing chip area • Packing efficiency Decrease of size of Transistors versus Interconnects • • • • Reduced cost Reduced switching delay Reduced area Reduced power consumption • • • • Reduced cost Increased latency Signal quality degradation Increased power consumption
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 Potent diuresis and subsequent loss of fluid  Decreased fluid volume causes: ◦ Reduced BP ◦ Reduced pulmonary vascular resistance ◦ Reduced systemic vascular resistance ◦ Reduced central venous pressure ◦ Reduced left ventricular end-diastolic pressure  Potassium and sodium depletion
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