Hazard Communication Labels • HMIS hazard indicators (Product identifier) HEALTH FLAMMABILITY PHYSICAL HAZARD PERSONAL PROTECTION Source: OTIEC PPT 10-hr. General Industry – Hazard Communication PPE Index: A = safety glasses B= safety glasses + gloves Flammability ratings: Health ratings: C = safety glasses + gloves + 0= = no willsignificant not space burn risk The second 0 apron 1= = irritation/minor flashpoint >200°F D1 = face shield + gloves + apron signifies chronic health E= glasses gloves + 2 safety = flashpoint hazard with an+≥100°F, asterisk injury dust but <200°F (*) Physical Hazard ratings: 2 = temporary/minor respirator 3 safety = normally flashpoint <73°F 0 = stable F= injury glasses + gloves + and apron 1 normally stable, but 3 = major injury + dust respirator boiling point can become 4 = life-threatening G= safety glasses + gloves + >100°F, unstable vapor flashpoint 2 respirator = or unstable between H3 = splash goggles + gloves + = explosive apron 73°F and 100°F 4 = readily explosive respirator 4+ =vapor flashpoint <73°F I = safety glasses + gloves + and dust point <100°F andboiling vapor respirator J = splash goggles + gloves + apron 33 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
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HMIS: Personal Protection G Safety glasses/gloves /vapor respirator A Safety glasses B Safety glasses/gloves H Goggles/gloves/apron/ vapor respirator C Safety glasses/gloves/apron I Safety glasses/gloves/dust and vapor respirator D Face shield/gloves/apron J E Goggles/gloves/apron/dust and vapor respirator Safety glasses/gloves/dust respirator K F Safety glasses/gloves/dust respirator/apron Airline hood or mask/gloves/protective coveralls/boots X Ask your supervisor NORTH AMERICA NORTH AMERICA www.VeoliaES.com TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS www.VeoliaES.com
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Insertion Sort Example Joker Joker Penguin Penguin MrFreeze MrFreeze Scarecrow Scarecrow Riddler Riddler Catwoman Catwoman Two-Face Two-Face Clayface Clayface Egghead Egghead PoisonIvy PoisonIvy Joker Joker Penguin Penguin MrFreeze MrFreeze Scarecrow Scarecrow Riddler Riddler Catwoman Catwoman Two-Face Two-Face Clayface Clayface Egghead Egghead PoisonIvy PoisonIvy Joker Joker MrFreeze MrFreeze Penguin Penguin Scarecrow Scarecrow Riddler Riddler Catwoman Catwoman Two-Face Two-Face Clayface Clayface Egghead Egghead PoisonIvy PoisonIvy Joker Joker MrFreeze MrFreeze Penguin Penguin Scarecrow Scarecrow Riddler Riddler Catwoman Catwoman Two-Face Two-Face Clayface Clayface Egghead Egghead PoisonIvy PoisonIvy Joker Joker MrFreeze MrFreeze Penguin Penguin Riddler Riddler Scarecrow Scarecrow Catwoman Catwoman Two-Face Two-Face Clayface Clayface Egghead Egghead PoisonIvy PoisonIvy Catwoman Catwoman Joker Joker MrFreeze MrFreeze Penguin Penguin Riddler Riddler Scarecrow Scarecrow Two-Face Two-Face Clayface Clayface Egghead Egghead PoisonIvy PoisonIvy Catwoman Catwoman Joker Joker MrFreeze MrFreeze Penguin Penguin Riddler Riddler Scarecrow Scarecrow Two-Face Two-Face Clayface Clayface Egghead Egghead PoisonIvy PoisonIvy Catwoman Catwoman Clayface Clayface Joker Joker MrFreeze MrFreeze Penguin Penguin Riddler Riddler Scarecrow Scarecrow Two-Face Two-Face Egghead Egghead PoisonIvy PoisonIvy Catwoman Catwoman Clayface Clayface Egghead Egghead Joker Joker MrFreeze MrFreeze Penguin Penguin Riddler Riddler Scarecrow Scarecrow Two-Face Two-Face PoisonIvy PoisonIvy Catwoman Catwoman Clayface Clayface Egghead Egghead Joker Joker MrFreeze MrFreeze Penguin Penguin PoisonIvy PoisonIvy Riddler Riddler Scarecrow Scarecrow Two-Face Two-Face CS 340 Page 4
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Lesson 12. Personal Safety and Hygiene  Eye and Face Protection  Eye and Face Protection:  Safety goggles, safety glasses and eye and face shields protect against contact with foreign objects and sprays or splashes of toxic or corrosive chemicals.  These items also protect against the danger of splashing infectious materials (bacteria or viruses) into the eye while working around these biohazards.  Goggles offer the best protection because they cover the entire eye and surrounding area.  Facilities should also have eyewash stations in areas where chemical splashes could occur (see photo).
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Shades of eye colors Eye colors range from red to black. What has been found to cause the great variations in colors and shades of the eye is the melanin in the eye. Melanin pigments the eye, just like it pigments the skin. People whose bodies create little or no melanin (albinism) have red eyes. The less melanin in the eyes the lighter the eye color. The more melanin the darker the eye color. The is also a correlation that most people with darker eye colors tend to have darker hair and skin, whereas most people with lighter eye colors have lighter hair and skin. Although, like everything else there are exceptions to the general trends. Eye color itself comes from a combination of two black and yellow pigments in the iris of the eye. If there is no pigment (melanin) in the front part of the iris, the result is blue eyes. An increasing proportion of the yellow melanin, in combination with the black melanin, results in shades of colors between brown and blue, including green and hazel.
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Knowledge Check 7. Which of the following is considered approved eye protection? a. b. c. d. Sun glasses Prescription glasses Reading glasses Glasses meeting ANSI standard Z87 d. Glasses meeting ANSI standard Z87 PPT 10-hr. Construction – PPE v.05.18.15 44 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
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Application: Find My Glasses 1. If my glasses are on the kitchen table, then I saw them at breakfast. 2. I was reading in the kitchen or I was reading in the living room. 3. If I was reading in the living room, then my glasses are on the coffee table. 4. I did not see my glasses at breakfast. 5. If I was reading in bed, then my glasses are on the bed table. 6. If I was reading in the kitchen, then my glasses are on the kitchen table.
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Proximity – “An eye for an Ex. 21: 23 – 25: But if any harm follow, then thou shalt give life for eye” life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, burning for burning, stripe for stripe. Note the next two verses: Ex. 21: 26-27: And if a man smite the eye of his bondman, or the eye of his bondwoman, and destroy it, he shall let him go free for the eye’s sake. And if he smite out his bondman’s tooth, or his bondwoman’s tooth, he shall let him go free for his tooth’s sake. The master is not maimed to match his maiming of his bondman – rather, he compensates the bondman with freedom (and the generous gifts due to a freed bondman – Deut. 15:12-14). More generally, “an eye for an eye” calls for monetary compensation, proportionate to the injury. “An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth” – typically, more compensation for the former, since one eye ≈ 50% visual capacity, one tooth ≈ 3-4% chewing capacity, and loss of an eye is more likely to impair earning a living.
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Sources Cited • • • • • • Wikipedia: Eye Tracking http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eye_tracking, 2012 Hans-Werner Hunziker: Visuelle Informationsaufnahme und Intelligenz: Eine Untersuchung über die Augenfixationen beim Problemlösen. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Psychologie und ihre Anwendungen, 1970, 29, Nr ½ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Eye_tracking_thru_glass.JPG 2012 Abbott W, Faisal A. BMC Neuroscience. Ultra Low Cost eyetracking as an high information throughput alternative to BMIs 112 (1): 103,2011 Tobii X60 http://www.tobii.com/en/eye-tracking-research/global/products/hardware/tobii-x60x120-eye-tracker/ Abbott W, Faisal A. GT3D Tracker.CNN:$30 gadget lets you control computer with your eyes. < http://www.cnn.com/2012/09/24/tech/mci-eye-tracking-gadget/index.html> 2012 Tobii Glasses < http://www.tobii.com/eye-tracking-research/global/products/hardware/tobii-glasses-eye-tracker/ >
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EYE PROTECTION DEVICES Safety Glasses (with side shields) Front Splash Protection Good Side Splash Protection Good Front Flying Impact Protection Good Side Impact Protection Fair Neck, Face Protection Poor Comfort to Wearer Good
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Proximity – “An eye for an Ex. 21: 23 – 25: But if any harm follow, then thou shalt give life for eye” life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, burning for burning, stripe for stripe. Lev. 24: 19-20: And if a man maim his neighbor; as he hath done, so shall it be done to him: breach for breach, eye for eye, tooth for tooth; as he hath maimed a man, so shall it be rendered unto him. So if I put your eye out, do you have the right to put my eye out? No. Revenge is prohibited: Lev. 19:18: Thou shalt take no vengeance, nor bear any grudge … but thou shalt be loving toward thy neighbor as toward thyself: I am the Lord. If I put your eye out, does a court put my eye out? No The principle of proximity teaches us that these verses call for fair and proportional punishment in the form of compensation by the offender to the victim (continued on next slide).
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Find My Glasses (cont’d.) Let: p = My glasses are on the kitchen table. q = I saw my glasses at breakfast. r = I was reading in the living room. s = I was reading in the kitchen. t = My glasses are on the coffee table. u = I was reading in bed. v = My glasses are on the bed table.
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Face Shields • Protect face from nuisance dusts and potential splashes or sprays of hazardous liquids • Shields do not protect from impact hazards unless so rated • Shields are for face protection, not eye protection. To protect the eyes, wear safety glasses with side shields under the face shield. Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction – PPE v.05.18.15 19 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup
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Conditional Probability Count and Divide If you draw a card from a deck of cards, what is the probability of a Jack given you draw a face card, P(Jack|Face There are 12Card)? face cards, 4 of which are Jacks. P(Jack|Face Card) = 4/12 = 1/3 Computed P(Jack ⋂ Face Card) = 4/52 (since all Jacks are face cards) P(Face Card) = 12/52 P(Jack|Face Card) = P(Jack ⋂ Face Card) / P(Face Card) = (4/52)/(12/52) = 1/3 Slide 8
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FALL PROTECTION – RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION 29 CFR 29 CFR 1926 1926. SUBPARTS 3897 PORTABLE LADDERS NOT EXTENDED 3 FEET ABOVE LANDING 1452 EYE & FACE PROTECTION 1371 FALL PROTECTION – UNPROTECTED SIDES & EDGES 1270 FALL PROTECTION – TRAINING 1143 HEAD PROTECTION 914 1926 Overall MFC MOST FREQUENTLY CITED SERIOUS VIOLATIONS IN CONSTRUCTION 2015 AERIAL LIFTS – FALL 758PROTECTION 622 618 FALL PROTECTION – ROOFING WORK ON LOW-SLOPED ROOFS GENERAL SAFETY & HEALTH PROVISIONS – INSPECTIONS BY A COMPETENT PERSON _SCAFFOLDS – FALL PROTECTION 614 NUMBER OF SERIOUS VIOLATIONS – FY 2
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Factor Label # Items Cronbach’s alpha Example Item Management commitment to safety. 20 .96 At this station, people are routinely rewarded for identifying and reporting nuclear safety issues Willingness to raise concerns. 6 .90 When I make a mistake, I am not afraid to report it to my supervisor Decision making 5 .88 Decision-making at this site reflects a conservative approach to nuclear safety Supervisor responsibility for safety 6 .88 My supervisor is usually available when I have a question or problem Questioning attitude 6 .85 Personnel promptly identify and report conditions that can affect nuclear safety Safety communication 7 .87 There is good communication about nuclear safety issues that affect my job Personal responsibility for safety 3 .77 It is my responsibility to raise nuclear safety concerns Prioritizing safety 4 .83 At this station, nuclear safety takes priority over production goals Training quality 3 .78 Training at this site provides me with the knowledge I need to perform my job
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Justice – An Eye for an Eye • Ex. 21: 22: And if men strive together…. 23: But if any harm follow, then thou shalt give life for life, 24: eye for eye, tooth for tooth, foot for foot …. • Does this call for retaliatory mutilation? 26-27: And if a man smite the eye of his bondman, or the eye of his bondwoman, and destroy it, he shall let him go free…. • Verses 26-27 clarify that “An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth” calls for fair compensation, not retaliatory mutilation.
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PERSONAL SAFETY • YOU HAVE THE PRIMARY RESPONSIBILITY FOR YOUR SAFETY • SAFETY GLASSES AND CLOSED-TOE SHOES MUST BE WORN IN ANY LAB, EXCEPT COMPUTER LABS (HTTPS://ENGR.UNCC.EDU/COLLEGE/SAFETY-POLICY-LABS ”SAFETY GLASSES ARE MANDATORY IN ALL LABS WHERE MATERIAL IS BEING MIXED, HEATED, MODIFIED, OR OTHERWISE MANIPULATED” ) • CONSUMPTION OF FOOD OR BEVERAGES IN LABORATORIES IS FORBIDDEN • EMERGENCY (24 HOURS)-(704) 687-2200 (POLICE AND PUBLIC SAFETY DISPATCH) • NEVER WORK IN A LABORATORY ALONE. MUST HAVE AT LEAST ONE OTHER PERSON IN THE LAB WITH YOU 3
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EYE PROTECTION DEVICES Face Shield Front Splash Protection Excellent Side Splash Protection Good to Excellent Front Flying Impact Protection Excellent (if of adequate thickness) Side Impact Protection Good to Excellent Neck, Face Protection Depends on length and type Comfort to Wearer Fair
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