A Complete Scorecard is a Program for Action Strategic Theme: Strategic Theme: Objectives Measures Targets Initiatives Operations Excellence Operating Efficiency Financial Profits and RONA Grow Revenues Customer Fewer planes Attract & Retain More Customers On-time Service Lowest prices Internal Fast ground turnaround Profitability Grow 30% Revenues 20% 5% Fewer planes # Customers More FAA On Time Customers Flight is on Arrival Rating Market Survey -time Lowest prices Fast ground On Ground turnaround Ground crew Learning Ground crew alignment +/yr alignment Time On-Time Departure % Ground crew trained % Ground crew stockholders 12% growth Customer Ranked #1 loyalty Ranked #1 program  Quality management 30 Minutes Cycle time 90% optimization yr. 1 70% yr. 3 90% yr. 5 100% Ground crew training ESOP
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Figure – Ground Segregation • The figure is what a person is concentrating on; • The ground would be everything else in that environment; • Some properties of figure ground: • Figures hold more memorable association than the ground. • Figures are seen as being in front of the ground. • The ground is seen as uniformed material and seems to extend behind the figure. • The contour separating the figure from the ground appears to belong to the figure. (Goldstein, pp. 156-159)
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Scenario One. Soils Ground W ater Ability Drift depth Flood Data Drainage Network W ater Table Landsat Classification Slope Percentage of Input - Strength Layer Soil Soil Ground Ground Ground Ground Ground Ground Class Nonhydric Hydric W ater Ability Low W ater Ability … W ater Ability … W ater Ability … W ater Ability High W ater Ability surface water Drift Drift Drift Drift Drift Drift Drift Value Count - 30m 0 546761 36 458394 0 1 2 4 5 6 1004942 1107345 1088580 698424 6634767 197938 Depth Depth Depth Depth Depth Depth Depth Deep … … … … … Shallow 0 1 3 5 7 9 11 21430 52158 130518 293099 376286 113922 9426 Flood Data Flood Data Non-Flood Flood Zone 0 8 844259 153237 20 83261 Drainage Network Layer Class Value Count 30m W ater Table Low End 0 390 W ater Table … 1 18370 W ater Table … 2 50080 W ater Table … 3 47163 W ater Table … 4 126689 W ater Table … 5 113951 W ater Table Mid Range 6 52256 W ater Table … 7 178577 W ater Table … 8 146845 W ater Table … 9 20465 W ater Table … 10 10122 W ater Table … 11 137026 W ater Table High End 12 93470 Classification Classification Classification Classification Coastal Forest Prairie W ater Slope Data High Slope Slope Data Low Slope Slope Data No Slope 35.25 35.75 35.5 35.35 -2 -1 0 553 8083 4770 273 1252634 808130 190524 Scenario One Output Table 27 5 8 6 15 10 27 1
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 Hook up a new grounding receptacle on the theory that this is a step in the right direction. This can lead future electricians and occupants to believe they are fully protected by a non-functioning ground receptacle.  Connect the green grounding terminal of a grounded receptacle via a short jumper to the grounded neutral conductor. This practice is totally noncompliant and dangerous because when a load is connected, voltage will appear on both the neutral and ground wires. Therefore, any noncurrent-carrying appliance or tool case will become energized, causing shock to the user, who is typically partially or totally grounded.  Run an individual ground conductor from the green grounding terminal of a grounded receptacle to the nearest water pipe or other grounded object. This “floating ground” presents various hazards. It is likely that this ground rod of convenience will have several ohms of ground resistance so that, in case of ground fault within a connected tool or appliance, the breaker will not trip — and exposed metal will remain energized.  Run an individual ground conductor back to the entrance panel and connect it to the neutral bar or grounding strip. This solution is somewhat better, but still 5 noncompliant. Any grounding conductor must be within the circuit cable or
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Principles of Gestalt Figure and Ground  The eye differentiates an Figure object form its surrounding area.  A form, silhouette, or shape is naturally perceived as figure (object), while the surrounding area is perceived as ground (background).  Balancing figure and ground can make the perceived image more clear.  Using unusual figure/ground relationships can add interest and subtlety to an image. This image uses complex figur e/ground relations hips which change upon perceiving leaves, water and tree trunk. In this image, the figure and ground relationships change as the eye perceives the form of a shade or the silhouette of a face. The word above is clearly perceived as figure with the surrounding white space ground.
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Bouncing and Non-bouncing balls • The ball that bounced exerted the larger force on the ground. • The force that the ball exerts on the ground is equal to and in the opposite direction as the force of the ground on the ball. • The ground must exert a force to bring the non-bouncy ball to rest • The ground must not only stop the bouncy ball, but must then project it back up  this requires more force! • Since the bouncy ball experiences a larger force from the ground, it must therefore by the 3rd Law also exert a larger force ON the ground. • The next demo should convince you! 12
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68 LHDS Success Criteria Requirement Success Criteria Verification Transmit LHDS data in real time to a ground station. Data is sent from RF module aboard rocket to ground station without loss or corruption. Transmitted data is received by ground station. Data is verified using either Checksums or postflight data comparison. The payload shall be recoverable and reusable. Recover the RF module and reuse it. The RF module is recovered and can be launched again on the same day. Transmit live GPS Data RF module transmits live GPS data from the GPS module to the ground station. GPS location of the rocket is received by the ground station. The electronic tracking device shall be fully functional during the official flight at the competition launch site. GPS data is sent through RF GPS location data from the module aboard the rocket to the rocket is received by the ground ground station during the station during the official flight at competition launch. the competition.
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4-9: Ground Connections in Electrical and Electronic Systems  Voltages Measured with Respect to Ground  When a circuit has a ground as a common return, measure the voltages with respect to this ground.  While the voltage across each component reminds the same, the voltage at each node with respect to the ground depends on the actual location of the ground.
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Ground effect  Pitching moments develop upward for the aircraft leaving ground effect and may cause an increase in angle of attack such that the corresponding increase in drag may cause the aircraft to settle.  The pitch up and down moments are experienced entering and leaving ground effect  Level flight in ground effect results in a significant pitch up requiring a substantial force on the yoke to keep the nose down  There is also a change in the effective angle of attack. Because of the altered downwash, an angle of attack decrease for the same CL is the result  Pitching moments develop downward for an aircraft entering ground effect because of the wings downwash not being able to help the tail generate lift downward.
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Stanza 1 fulfilment fulfilment of of the the (conti.) decree decree • So twice five miles of fertile ground With walls and towers were girdled round : And there were gardens bright with sinuous rills, Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree ; And here were forests ancient as the hills, Enfolding sunny spots of greenery. Amidst shelter is offered by Amidst [ancient] [ancient] hills, hills, shelter is offered by A vivid picture of the A vivid picture of the Natural conditions and the results of Natural conditions and the results of ancient forests which encompass sunny ancient forests which encompass sunny landscape is given here: landscape is given here: artificial shaping seem to connect to an artificial shaping seem to connect to an spots, i.e. clearings lighted and warmed by spots, i.e. clearings lighted and warmed by twice five miles of ground twice five miles of ground ideal kind of environment: fertile ground ideal kind of environment: fertile ground the sun (appeal to visual and tactile the sun (appeal toare visual and tactile reserved for the are reserved for the of provides an ideal basis for cultivation provides an ideal basis for cultivation of perception) can serve as spaces for perception) which which"project". can serve as spaces for The area is "project". The area is various kinds, e.g. of a park-like area: here various kinds, e.g. of a park-like area: here sport, play etc. A spectrum of colours can be sport, play etc. A spectrum of colours can be girdled (surrounded, girdled (surrounded, were gardens bright with sinuous rills; the were gardens bright with sinuous rills; the associated with the words bright, blossomed associated with the words bright, blossomed
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Relative Velocity A person, standing on the ground, measures the velocity of a car to be VCG where: VCG = velocity of the Car relative to the Ground = +25 m/s. The driver of the car looks out the window and sees the ground go past her with a velocity of VGC, where: VGC = velocity of the Ground relative to the Car. How is VGC related to VCG? A.VGC = VCG = +25 m/s B.VGC = -VCG = -25 m/s C.VGC = 0 since the ground isn’t moving
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3.4 Relative Velocity An observer at rest on the ground sees the train traveling at 9m/s relative to the ground: vTG = +9 m/s, where + indicates to the right (TG = Train relative to ground). An observer at rest in the trains sees the man on the ground traveling at vGT = -9m/s, where – indicates to the left (GT = Ground relative to train). Is one of these reference frames more “real” than the other? Considering that the Earth revolves around the Sun and the whole Universe is expanding, I think not.
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27. If a steel ball is dropped from the top of the Taipei 101, the tallest building in the world, its height above the ground t seconds after it is dropped will be s (t) = 1667 – 16t 2 feet. a. How long will it take to reach the ground? b. Use your answer in part a to find the velocity at which it will strike the ground. c. Find the acceleration at any time t. a. To find when the steel ball will reach the ground, we need to determine what value of t produces s(t)=0. Thus, set s(t)=0 and solve the equation by find the x-intercepts (zeros) using our calculator. The steel ball will reach the ground after 10.2 seconds. b. The velocity is the derivative of the distance function in part a. Use your calculator to find the derivative at x = 10.2 from part a. The velocity will be 326.4 feet per second. About 222.5 mph. c. The acceleration is the second derivative of the given distance formula or s’ (t) = -32t and s” (t) = - 32 feet per second per second.
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GROUND GROUND WATER WATER SAMPLING SAMPLING •• WATER WATER LEVEL LEVEL & & PRESSURE PRESSURE •• WATER WATER SAMPLE SAMPLE FILTRATION FILTRATION •• GROUND GROUND WATER WATER REMEDIATION REMEDIATION •• GEOPHYSICAL GEOPHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS MEASUREMENTS Examples • Monitor wells utilized instead of properly developed recovery wells • Remediation equipment options are limited to well casing size: Cannot reach the deep water table because what fits in a small well won’t pump at high enough capacity • Product recharge rates calculated based on pump test on entire well, not just on product layer thickness. Separate hydrocarbon bail down test required to determine recharge of product only when a ground water extraction pump is utilized to enhance product recovery . Typical ratios of 10-1 to 100 -1 GW recharge to hydrocarbon recharge th 2650 2650 East East 40 40th Avenue Avenue •• Denver, Denver, Colorado Colorado 80205 80205 •• www.geotechenv.com www.geotechenv.com
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PCB Design – Power and Ground(s) • Wide traces to common rails  0.05” - 0.1” (GND) if possible  Suggested: Power rail along the front edge, Ground along the rear edge of the board • Ground(s)  Analog and digital ground  Design issues • System separation  Ground problems  Optical isolation  Double diode  Examples CPE495 Computer Engineering Design I, Dr. Emil Jovanov, UAH 6
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Ground Wire Electrical equipment manufacturers use electrical cords that have a third wire, called a ground. This safety ground normally carries no current and is both grounded and connected to the appliance. If the live wire is accidentally shorted to the casing, most of the current takes the low-resistance path through the appliance to the ground. If it was not properly grounded, anyone in contact with the appliance could be shocked because the body produces a low-resistance path to ground. Section 28.5
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Chapter 18 Op amp circuits with negative feedback The inverting amplifier is a basic configuration in which the noninverting input is grounded (sometimes through a resistor to balance the bias inputs). Again, the difference between Vin and Vf is very small due to feedback; this implies that the inverting input is nearly at ground. This is referred to as a virtual ground. The virtual ground looks like ground to voltage, but not to current! Rf Virtual ground Ri Vin  + Electronics Fundamentals 8th edition Floyd/Buchla Vout The closed-loop gain for the inverting amplifier can be derived from this idea; again it is controlled by the feedback resistors: A  R f cl (I) Ri © 2010 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458. All Rights Reserved.
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