lost Cheli Pedi Ant1 Ant2 Mnd L L L L Mx 1 Mx 2 Chelicerates Crustacea Ant Leg Leg Leg Leg Leg Leg Ancestor Ant1 Mnd Mx 1 Mx 2 Insects Ant Leg Leg Leg Leg Leg Leg Trilobites The elaboration of the head has taken different courses in the major groups but are still considered to show serial homology A=antenna a=acron C=chelicera Ci= Chilarum L = leg Mnd =Mandible Mx = maxilla P= pedipalp 0 = lost segments
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Case Study To evaluate the proposed planning model, a real-world case study is presented in this section: Site description Leg 1: Distance to neighboring intersection: 650 feet Leg 3 Leg 2 Leg 2: U-turn Bay length: 380 feet Left-turn Bay length: 390 feet Leg 1 Leg 4 18 20th IFORS, Barcelona, Spain Leg 3: Distance to neighboring intersection: 650 feet Leg 4: U-turn Bay length: 250 feet Left-turn Bay length: 300 feet Traffic Safety and Operation Lab Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering University of Maryland, College Park
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Module 5: Degree Works Menu Instructions: Select the question buttons to learn more. Introduction What is Degree Works used for? Who uses Degree Works? Need Degree Once you help Works have using is been Degree a comprehensive given Works?: access you easy-to-use, can accessweb-based learning Degree Works resources advising, logging for Students and faculty advisors areYou automatically given access toby Degree • Students The Student Lifecycle transfer into Degree NEST Works articulation . at any and timedegree on our website. toolit There with the arepurpose also training of helping Works. If you need access you canaudit request through SNOW. • Academic Advisors students classes being progress offered towards that you their candegree. register The fordegree through audit the will TTI list website. all of • Faculty Advisors NEST the student’s requirements including courses taken, courses currently being taken, skills assessment tests and transfer credits. It also hasBanner a ‘What If’ audit when considering changing majors, more timely degree certification, better retention and improved transfer recruitment. 25Live Do I need to request access to Degree Works? Degree Works Recruiter How do I access Degree Works? TouchNet ODS and Cognos Need help using Degree Works? Test Your Knowledge Next Steps previous next
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Figure 10.26b Summary: Actions of muscles of the thigh and leg. Triceps surae Fibula Fibularis muscles Key: Posterior compartment muscles Anterior compartment muscles Medial compartment muscles of thigh and lateral compartment muscles of leg © 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Tibialis anterior Posterior compartment of leg (plantar flexes foot, flexes toes); innervated by tibial nerve Lateral compartment of leg Tibia (plantar flexes and everts foot); innervated by superficial fibular nerve Muscles of the leg Anterior compartment of leg (dorsiflexes foot, extends toes); innervated by deep fibular nerve
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Opposite and Adjacent 1. What side is the hypotenuse? x Note: The other two sides are called the “legs” 2. What angle is opposite the hypotenuse? 2 3. What is the measure of the angle  90 opposite the hypotenuse? 4. What leg is opposite angle 1? z 5. What leg is adjacent to angle 1? y 6. What leg is opposite angle 3? y 7. What leg is adjacent to angle 3? z y 1 x 2 z 3 8. Describe the relationship between the legs that are opposite and adjacent to angles 1 and 3. 3 The leg that is opposite angle 1 is adjacent to angle ____ 1 The leg that is opposite angle 3 is adjacent to angle ____
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 Knee - To - Chest This test assesses the tightness of your iliopsoas (hip) muscles. 1. Lie on your back on the floor. Make sure your lower back is flat on the floor. 2. Keep the left leg straight and touching the floor. Bring the right knee up until you can hold it tight against your chest. Grasp the back of the thigh. 3. Repeat using your left leg. 4. Score 1 point if you can keep your left leg touching the floor while you hold your right leg against your chest. Score 1 additional point if you can keep your right leg touching the floor while holding the left leg against your chest.
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Single Leg Lift (Prone)  This test assesses the strength of your lower back and hip muscles 1. Lie face down on the floor. Lift your straight right leg as high as possible. Hold for a count of 10. Then lower your leg. 2. Repeat using your left leg. 3. Score 1 point if you can lift and hold the right leg 1 foot off the floor and hold for a count. Score 1 point if you can lift the left leg 1 foot off the floor and hold for a count.
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Works Eligible for Copyright Protection • Literary works (fiction/nonfiction, poetry, textbooks, reference works, directories, catalogs, advertising copy, compilations of information, computer programs and databases) • Musical works (this generally refers to music scores & accompanying words) • Dramatic works (plays, film, radio, and television scripts) • Pantomimes and choreography • Pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works (art) • Motion pictures and other audiovisual works (film, television show, videogame, etc.) • Sound recording (performances of musical works, audio recordings of literary works) • Architectural works (just the designs & models, not the building its self!)
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Posterior compartment muscles Triceps surae Anterior compartment muscle Fibula Medial compartment muscles of thigh and lateral compartment muscles of leg Fibularis muscles Posterior compartment of leg (plantar flexes foot, flexes toes); innervated by tibial nerve (b) Tibialis anterior Tibia Lateral compartment of leg (plantar flexes and everts foot); innervation: superficial fibular nerve (b) Muscles of the leg Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Anterior compartment of leg (dorsiflexes foot, extends toes); innervated by deep fibular nerve Figure 10.25b
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Example 14.11 Finding the frequency of a swinging leg A student in a biomechanics lab measures the length of his leg, from hip to heel, to be 0.90 m. What is the frequency of the pendulum motion of the student’s leg? What is the period? PREPARE We can model a human leg reasonably well as a rod of uniform cross section, pivoted at one end (the hip). Recall from Chapter 7 that the moment of inertia of a rod pivoted about its end is 1/3mL2. The center of gravity of a uniform leg is at the midpoint, so d = L/2. © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Slide 14-29
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Single Leg Lift (Supine)  This test assesses the length of your hamstring muscles. 1. Lie on your back on the floor. Lift the right leg off the floor as high as possible without bending either knee. 2. Repeat using the left leg. Score 1 point if you can lift your right leg to a 90-degree angle to the floor. Score 1 additional point if you can lift your left leg to a 90-degree angle.
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Revenue Management Define the 4 capacity constraints, one for each flight leg: Indianapolis-Memphis leg (1) IMD + IAD + ITD + IMF + IAF + ITF < 120 Baltimore-Memphis leg (2) BMD + BAD + BTD + BMF + BAF + BTF < 120 Memphis-Austin leg (3) IAD + IAF + BAD + BAF + MAD + MAF < 120 Memphis-Tampa leg (4) ITD + ITF + BTD + BTF + MTD + MTF < 120  BA 452 Lesson A.11 Other Advanced Applications 21
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What is Copyrightable?  Literary works-fiction/nonfiction, poetry, textbooks, reference works, directories, catalogs, advertising copy, compilations of information, computer programs and databases)  Musical works-this generally refers to music scores & accompanying words)  Dramatic works-plays, film, radio, and television scripts)  Pantomimes and choreography  Pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works-art  Motion pictures and other audiovisual works-film, television show, videogame, etc.  Sound recordings-performances of musical works, audio recordings of literary works  Architectural works-just the designs, not the building its self! 14
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State Definition for “Substantial Implementation” Region 3 Delaware Strategies substantially implemented – These strategies refer to “enforceable” protection measures or standards adopted at the local or state level that require protection of water quality or quantity in a source water areas ( wellhead and watershed). (Examples would be local ordinances with SWP regulations, County wide ordinances with SWP regulations, UST Secondary containment policy). Maryland Strategy developed and initially implemented means that a local planning team has been established agreed upon a strategy and implemented a portion of the strategy. Substantially implemented means that the most significant risks were or are being addressed by implementing a strategy. For example if a community purchased the recharge area for a well or spring source for protection then the strategy is substantially implemented, even if it was accomplished many years ago. Pennsylvania Virginia West Virginia Establishment of an approved local Source Water Protection Plan or the undertaking of relevant and sustainable actions/efforts that address priority risks as identified in the source water assessment. Waterworks has developed a watershed or wellhead protection plan. Plan does not have to be approved or certified by state but should include all elements of source water strategy such as: a. management team or advisory group that meets on a regular basis, b. identified potential contaminate source(s) [results of SWAPs], c. recommended action(s), and contingency planning [may be already stipulated in VA Waterworks Regulations] Any community public water supply system or a group of systems that has a protection plan in place and is addressing at least three of the top protection measures identified in its state supplied source water protection plan and/or locally defined protective measures approved by the state is considered substantial implemented. For systems serving 3,000 or fewer people, substantial implementation will be determined on a system by system basis.
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Inverter Benchmarking PV Series Over- and undervoltage and frequency protection Anti-islanding protection - prevents back-feeding User definable power tracking matches the inverter to the array Adjustable delay periods Grid Tie Inverter GT500E Grid Tie Inverter GT100E Over- and under-voltage and frequency protection Over- and under-voltage and frequency protection Anti-islanding protection Anti-islanding protection User definable power tracking User definable power tracking Adjust delay periods GUI software Remote monitoring via telephone modem or web server Data acquisition and logging Isolation protection DC and AC over voltage protection Adjust delay periods GUI software
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Protected Works Literary works  Musical works, including any accompanying words  Dramatic works, including any accompanying music  Pantomimes and choreographic works  Pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works  Motion pictures and other audiovisual works  Sound recordings  Architectural works  9
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Copyright     protects tangible or fixed expression of an idea but not the idea itself is automatically assigned when created may need to be registered in some countries exists when:    proposed work is original creator has put original idea in concrete form e.g. literary works, musical works, dramatic works, pantomimes and choreographic works, pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works, motion pictures and other audiovisual works, sound recordings, architectural works, software-related works.
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FALL PROTECTION – RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION 29 CFR 29 CFR 1926 1926. SUBPARTS 3897 PORTABLE LADDERS NOT EXTENDED 3 FEET ABOVE LANDING 1452 EYE & FACE PROTECTION 1371 FALL PROTECTION – UNPROTECTED SIDES & EDGES 1270 FALL PROTECTION – TRAINING 1143 HEAD PROTECTION 914 1926 Overall MFC MOST FREQUENTLY CITED SERIOUS VIOLATIONS IN CONSTRUCTION 2015 AERIAL LIFTS – FALL 758PROTECTION 622 618 FALL PROTECTION – ROOFING WORK ON LOW-SLOPED ROOFS GENERAL SAFETY & HEALTH PROVISIONS – INSPECTIONS BY A COMPETENT PERSON _SCAFFOLDS – FALL PROTECTION 614 NUMBER OF SERIOUS VIOLATIONS – FY 2
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Body Movements • • • • • • • • • • Types of movement Flexion :move lower leg toward upper Extension :straightening the leg Abduction :moving leg away from body Adduction :moving leg toward the body Rotation :around its axis Supination :rotation of arm to palm-up position Pronation :palm down Inversion :turning foot so sole is inward Eversion :sole is out
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Figure 10.26a Summary: Actions of muscles of the thigh and leg. Adductors Hamstrings Vastus lateralis Femur Posterior compartment of thigh (flexes leg and extends thigh); innervated by tibial nerve (portion of sciatic nerve) Vastus intermedius Key: Posterior compartment muscles Rectus femoris Vastus medialis Anterior compartment muscles Medial compartment muscles of thigh and lateral compartment muscles of leg © 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Medial compartment of thigh (adducts thigh); innervated by obturator nerve Anterior compartment of thigh (extends leg); innervated by femoral nerve Muscles of the thigh
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Trigonometric Ratios for Right Triangles length of opposite leg sin   length of hypotenuse cos   length of adjacent leg length of hypotenuse length of opposite leg tan   length of adjacent leg
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Case Study  Evaluation of design Location Leg 1 Leg 2 Leg 3 Leg 4 19 # of Lanes R-turn U-turn Though L-turn R-turn U-turn Though L-turn 20th IFORS, Barcelona, Spain 2 2 3 2 2 2 3 2 Estimated Queue (ft) 378 255 430 427 295 138 288 291 Designed Link Length (ft) 650 390 380 380 650 250 300 300 QL Ratio Satisfy 0.58 0.65 1.13 1.12 0.45 0.55 0.96 0.97 Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Traffic Safety and Operation Lab Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering University of Maryland, College Park
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Case Study  Modified design Location Leg 1 Leg 2 Leg 3 Leg 4 20 # of Lanes R-turn U-turn Though L-turn R-turn U-turn Though L-turn 20th IFORS, Barcelona, Spain 2 2 3 2 2 2 3 2 Estimated Queue (ft) 378 255 430 427 295 138 288 291 Designed Link Length (ft) 650 390 450 450 650 250 300 300 QL Ratio Satisfy 0.58 0.65 0.95 0.94 0.45 0.55 0.96 0.97 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Traffic Safety and Operation Lab Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering University of Maryland, College Park
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Muscle Engagement Driving leg – gluteus muscle group, knee extenders (quadriceps), gastrocnemius, soleus Lead leg – Hip Flexors (rectus femoris, iliopsoas, tensor fascia latae), Knee Flexors (biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus) Arm opposite leg in hip extension is in shoulder extension (posterior deltoid, latissimus dorsi Arm opposite leg in hip flexion is in shoulder flexion (anterior deltoid, pectoralis major) Spinal erectors, abdominals and obliques being used to support and stabilize the body Muscles NOT to be used – shoulder elevators, neck, facial muscles
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